In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
IVF at Birla Fertility & IVF
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is the most eﬀective form of assisted reproductive technology. It is a series of procedures used to assist with the conception of a baby. During IVF, mature eggs are collected from a woman’s ovaries and fertilised with sperm under laboratory conditions.
The fertilised eggs are monitored in a lab for several days until embryos form. The embryos are then transferred to the uterus to grow and develop.
At Birla Fertility & IVF, we offer world-class IVF treatment for people struggling with fertility issues. It is one several techniques available to help people with fertility problems have a baby.
Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
Ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure
Longstanding infertility (longer than two years)
Decreasing egg quality due to age
Low sperm count
Azoospermia (lack of sperm in the ejaculate)
Sperm motility problems
The IVF Process
Prior to your IVF cycle, you and your partner will undergo a detailed evaluation to assess the health of your ovaries, uterus, and quality of semen. This thorough evaluation helps our fertility experts plan a tailormade IVF treatment that will best suit your situation. An IVF cycle can be broken down into the following steps or procedures.
At the start of your IVF cycle, the ovaries are stimulated with a course of hormonal medications to stimulate the ovaries to produce a greater number of eggs (as opposed to a single egg produced during a menstrual cycle). You will undergo routine ultrasound scans and blood tests to monitor the development of your follicles that produce eggs. The doctor will schedule the egg retrieval procedure once the eggs are ready for collection.
The egg retrieval procedure is a minor minimally invasive procedure done that involves no stitches or cuts. You will be given general anaesthesia to prepare for the procedure. The eggs are retrieved from the ovaries using a fine needle or catheter that is inserted through the vagina under ultrasound guidance (transvaginal ultrasound). Multiple eggs may be harvested as not all eggs can be successfully fertilised.
The male partner is also required to provide a semen sample on the day of the egg retrieval procedure.
After the egg retrieval, fertilisation can be done in the following ways:
Conventional insemination – Harvested eggs are placed in a dish with sperm and incubated overnight for fertilisation to occur.
ICSI – A single healthy sperm is injected directly into each mature egg to promote fertilisation. This method is used when there is an issue with quality of semen such as low sperm count or low sperm motility.
Additional procedures such as assisted laser hatching, and preimplantation genetic testing may also be recommended depending on you and your partners health.
The cultured embryos can then be transferred into the uterus to achieve a pregnancy or be frozen to be used in a later cycle (embryo freezing and frozen embryo transfer).
The cultured embryos (fertilised eggs) are monitored carefully to identify viable embryos. Once the desired growth is achieved, the doctor will transfer the embryos into your uterus using a long, thin flexible tube (catheter). This procedure is usually painless; you may be given a mild sedative in case of discomfort.
You will be required to take a pregnancy test 12-14 days after the embryo transfer. The next steps are further planned based on the results.
Frequently Asked Questions
IVF is the acronym for In vitro fertilisation. It is the process of fertilisation of an egg with sperm outside the body in a carefully controlled environment and then transferring the embryo (fertilised egg) into the uterus of the gestational carrier (female partner or surrogate).
Many patients wonder how many fertility medication injections will be needed during the IVF cycle. There is no definite number. The frequency and dosage of medications depend entirely on the IVF plan specific to your age, reproductive health, and the health of your ovaries. This can range from 10-12 days of injections during the IVF cycle.
The success rate of IVF depends on many factors such as maternal age, cause of infertility, sperm, and egg health amongst others. Some couples might become pregnant right after the first IVF cycle while others might take several cycles. In some cases, couples might also be able to conceive naturally after their IVF cycle.
Before starting on IVF treatment, it is important to know the risks that might appear. Some of the risks of IVF could be side effects from the fertility medications, multiple pregnancies, ectopic pregnancies and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
IVF is one of the preferred forms of ART (artificial reproductive technology) especially for specific causes of infertility. In the IVF procedure, the healthiest sperm and egg are chosen for fertilisation, post which the healthiest embryo is selected for implantation, thus increasing your chance of having a healthy baby.
ART stands for Assisted Reproductive Technology. It includes procedures such as IUI and IVF.
We loved the personalised attention we got at Birla Fertility. They spend so much time with each of us and are always available. My husband and I were extremely comfortable with the whole team and our treatment is going wonderfully. Definitely recommend this for anyone who wishes to conceive but is unable to do so. Like they said – All Heart. All Science. – they stayed true to it.
Ranjana and Rajkumar
The entire Birla Fertility & IVF team is a perfect combination of top-notch skills with great care and medical facility. All of the staff members are professional and helpful. They set the bar high for quality healthcare. I will unquestionably recommend Birla Fertility for IVF treatment.
Rupali and Abhishek
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