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Ovulation disorders: Common causes of infertility in women

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When ovulation does not happen or happens on an irregular basis in a female’s body, the condition is known as an ovulatory disorder. Mostly, women ovulate between 21 to 35 days. A woman with cycles of more than 35 days is considered to have the oligo-ovulation condition. And those women who do not ovulate at all have anovulation condition.

Ovulation disorders can disrupt the ovulation process. Some common disorders are:

  • Hypothalamic dysfunction. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are the two hormones produced by the pituitary gland, responsible for ovulation stimulation every month. Disruption of production of these hormones affect ovulation. Irregular or absent periods are the most common signs.
  • Premature ovarian failure. It is the disorder that causes the ovary to no longer produce eggs, and it lowers estrogen hormone production in women under the age of 40.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a condition that causes hormone imbalance impacting ovulation. PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility. 
  • Too much production of prolactin. The pituitary gland may cause excessive production of prolactin which reduces estrogen hormone production and may cause infertility. 

How are Ovulation Disorders Diagnosed?

Evaluation of irregular menstrual cycles like hormone testing and ultrasound examinations of the uterus and ovaries helps in diagnosing ovulation disorder.

How are Ovulation Disorders Treated?

Ovulation disorder is often treated with medical therapy for obtaining ovulation and increasing a woman’s chance of pregnancy. Some common medications help stimulate the ovaries to produce at least one egg each month.

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