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Pregnancy and PCOS

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Brief about PCOS

PCOS is a condition that changes the levels of a woman’s hormones. The ovaries produce an excessive amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are normally present in modest amounts in women. The numerous tiny cysts (fluid-filled sacs) in the ovaries are known as polycystic ovarian syndrome. 

Women with PCOS can get pregnant naturally with some important lifestyle changes and with suggested medication. Although this will not cure PCOS, it will help to alleviate symptoms and prevent some health issues.

Pregnancy with PCOS

Various factors influence PCOS treatment, such as your age, the severity of your symptoms, and your overall health. The type of treatment is defined by the patients’ desire to become pregnant.

Causes of PCOS problem

The precise cause of PCOS is unknown. Possible causes:-

  • Cases of irregular menstrual periods 
  • If there are excess male hormone (androgen) levels i.e appearance of excessive hair growth on the face and body
  • Production of high levels of androgen (male hormone) which results in excessive hair growth on face and body)

Diagnosis of PCOS

PCOS Ultrasound

This examination examines the size of the ovaries and determines whether a woman has cysts. In ultrasound, the doctor might also examine the thickness of the uterine lining.

PCOS Blood tests

The specialist will check the blood glucose levels and examine cholesterol and triglyceride levels. 

 

For couples who are trying to conceive, their treatment may include

Change in physical activity

To help reduce symptoms of PCOS, it is important to have a nutritious diet and physical exercise. Physical activity and a good diet can also aid in the efficient utilisation of insulin, the reduction of blood glucose levels, and the ovulation process.

 

Medications to induce ovulation 

Medication can help in the discharge of eggs from the ovaries which might increase the chances of multiple births and also result in ovarian hyperstimulation.

FAQs

What are the signs of PCOS?

The signs of PCOS are severe acne, oily skin and hair, excessive hair growth on the face and body, hormonal changes, excessive hair fall, weight gain around the lower abdomen or trouble losing weight, irregular or no menstrual cycle and difficulty in getting pregnant.

What is the risk of having PCOS?

Women with PCOS are at high risk of health problems associated with cardiovascular health and heart diseases.

Is PCOS curable?

No, it isn’t. It can be treated but not cured. Treatment can help improve the condition depending on the symptoms. In many people with PCOS, losing weight can help them feel better.

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