Test-tube baby vs IVF
Differentiating between a test tube baby and IVF would make no sense as it means the same. The test tube is a term used by laymen, and IVF is more of a medical term.
Defining Test tube baby
A test-tube baby is a result of successful fertilisation that involves medical intervention that manipulates both the egg and sperm cells rather than sexual intercourse between a man and a woman.
A test-tube baby is a term describing an embryo that is generable in a test tube rather than the fallopian tube. The eggs and the sperm are fertilised in a laboratory dish, and this process of fertilisation which happens in a glass dish, is called In vitro fertilisation.
Process of test-tube baby and IVF
Since both the terms mean the same, their fertilization process also remains the same.
Step 1- Ovarian Stimulation
The purpose of ovarian stimulation is to maximise the chances of getting pregnant. At the start of the cycle, hormone medications are given to stimulate the ovaries so as to produce a large number of eggs. Once the follicles that generate eggs have been monitored with the help of blood tests and ultrasounds, the doctor will schedule the next step, egg retrieval.
Step 2- Egg Retrieval
A transvaginal ultrasound is done in which, to identify the follicles, an ultrasound probe is placed into the vagina. The procedure involves inserting a needle into the follicle through the vaginal canal.
Step 3- Fertilisation
Once the eggs are retrieved, they are sent to the lab for fertilisation. The sperm and the eggs are put in a petri dish in this step. The fertilised eggs further develop in 3-5 days in a controlled environment and are then transferred to the female’s uterus for implantation.
Step 4- Embryo Transfer
The embryo is inserted into the vagina using a catheter, which is passed through the cervix and into the womb with the intent of conception.
Step 5- IVF Pregnancy
Though it takes approximately 9 days for the implantation, it is recommended to wait at least 2 weeks before you get yourself tested for conception. Consulting a fertility expert would be the best option.
Is there any difference between IVF babies and normal babies?
Yes, normal babies are born through natural sexual intercourse, and IVF babies are born with the help of Assisted Reproductive Technology IVF and are perfectly healthy.
Are IVF babies delivered naturally?
Yes, IVF babies can be delivered naturally, but the female and the doctor should take the right precaution and care while delivering.