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Birla Fertility & IVF
Birla Fertility & IVF

Female Infertility Treatment: Everything You Need to Know

  • Published on October 03, 2023
Female Infertility Treatment: Everything You Need to Know

One of life’s most satisfying experiences might be the road to parenting. The road to conception, however, can be difficult for certain women and couples. Millions of women throughout the world struggle with infertility, which is defined as the inability to conceive following a year of consistent, unprotected sexual activity. Thankfully, advances in medical research have produced a wide range of female infertility treatments that are specifically suited to deal with different underlying problems. We’ll cover all you need to know about treating female infertility in this thorough guide, from its causes to treatment options, success rates, and emotional support.

What is Female Infertility?

Female infertility is a condition where women face difficulty achieving pregnancy naturally or carrying a pregnancy to full term after trying for at least one year. It may be brought on by problems with egg development or release, reproductive system structural disorders, or a number of underlying medical diseases. There are various female infertility treatments as well that help women overcome issues such as hormonal imbalances, structural problems, and uterine abnormalities.

What Causes Female Infertility?

  • Ovulatory Disorders: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one condition that can interfere with normal ovulation.
  • Structural abnormalities: Obstacles to pregnancy can include structural abnormalities such as uterine fibroids, polyps, or adhesions.
  • Endometriosis: By damaging the ovaries and fallopian tubes, this uncomfortable condition can cause infertility.
  • Age-Related Factors: As women get older, their eggs get smaller and less plentiful, which lowers their fertility.
  • Secondary infertility: Secondary infertility is when a woman who has had a successful natural conception has trouble getting pregnant again. It can be emotionally taxing and frequently calls for a careful assessment.

How Female Infertility Is Diagnosed?


  • Initial Assessment: It’s critical to undergo a thorough fertility evaluation by a reproductive professional when facing difficulties conceiving. This assessment seeks to pinpoint the underlying reasons behind infertility.
  • Hormonal Tests: In determining fertility, hormonal tests are essential. For the purpose of determining hormonal balance and egg quality, they also involve assessments of thyroid function, ovarian reserve, and ovulation.
  • Imaging Tests: Transvaginal ultrasonography and hysterosalpingography (HSG) are imaging procedures that aid in the diagnosis of structural flaws or obstructions in the reproductive system.
  • Genetic Screening: Hereditary and chromosomal testing can shed light on potential problems in situations where hereditary factors may be leading to infertility.

Lifestyle Factors as First-Line Female Infertility Treatment

  • Nutrition and Fertility: The health of the reproductive system depends on a balanced diet full of important nutrients. Fertility can be enhanced by maintaining a healthy body weight and abstaining from overindulging in alcohol and caffeine.
  • Exercise and Stress Management: Regular physical activity and stress-reduction strategies, like yoga or meditation, can help balance hormones, lower stress levels, and improve fertility.

Options for Female Infertility Treatments

  • Ovulation induction: In women with ovulatory problems, drugs like clomiphene citrate and letrozole stimulate ovulation, increasing the likelihood of pregnancy.
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): IUI involves injecting washed sperm into the uterus, bringing the sperm closer to the egg and boosting the likelihood of fertilisation.
  • In Vitro Fertilitizaion (IVF): Ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilisation, embryo culture, and embryo transfer are all steps in the extensive in vitro fertilisation (IVF) method. It is appropriate for a variety of reproductive issues and increases the chance of conception.
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): ICSI entails the direct injection of a single sperm into an egg and is frequently used in conjunction with IVF. Couples who are struggling with male infertility will particularly benefit from it.
  • Fertility Preservation: Cryopreservation of eggs and embryos enables women to store their fertility for use in the future, which is beneficial for health-related or aging-related reasons.

Surgical Interventions for Female Infertility Treatment

  • Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy: By addressing structural problems, endometriosis, or uterine anomalies, minimally invasive procedures like laparoscopy and hysteroscopy might increase the likelihood of pregnancy.
  • Tubal Reversal: Reversing the tubal ligation procedure can help women who had their tubes tied in the past and who now want to become pregnant regain their fertility.

Alternate Options for Female Infertility Treatment

  • Donor: Egg donation is an option for women whose ovarian reserves have declined or who have genetic disorders that compromise the quality of their eggs. Receiving given eggs from a spouse or donor and fertilising them with their sperm is the process.
  • Surrogacy: Through surrogacy, mothers who are unable to carry a pregnancy to term can nevertheless give birth to a biological child. On behalf of the intended parents, a surrogate carries the pregnancy all the way to delivery.
  • The Emotional Impact: Women and couples who struggle with infertility frequently experience feelings of anger, despair, and stress.
  • Support Networks: During this difficult path, finding emotional support through therapy, support groups, or counselling can offer a secure setting for sharing experiences, gaining new perspectives, and getting advice.
  • Mind-Body Techniques: Mind-body exercises like yoga, meditation, and mindfulness can manage stress and foster emotional well-being, which benefits the entire reproductive process.

Success Rates of Female Infertility Treatment

  • Age and Success Rates: Age has a big effect on fertility. Due to age-related factors that affect egg quality, women under the age of 35 often have better success rates, which steadily decline as they get older.
  • Success Factors: The underlying causes of infertility can have an impact on how well a treatment works. Directly addressing these reasons can lead to better results.
  • Multiple Cycles: It’s critical to comprehend that for some women, a successful pregnancy may require multiple treatment cycles. Success frequently depends on persistence and patience.

Questions You can Ask before Female Infertility Treatment

  1. What is the duration of female infertility treatment?
  2. Is the determined treatment the only option, or should you go for a second consultation?
  3. What is the cost of advised female fertility treatment?
  4. When I can resume work after female fertility treatment?
  5. How long do I have to take medication post-infertility treatment?
  6. Can I travel during my treatment?

Case Study 

A short case study to help you understand the outcome of a fertility treatment a patient has undergone. 

Mrs. Pooja Sharma, a 34-year-old woman, tried to conceive for two years before presenting with an unexplained infertility history. For both partners, all fundamental fertility assessments were within normal ranges.

Steps in the diagnostic procedure recommended to the patient:

  • Her AMH level was lower than anticipated for her age based on ovarian reserve testing.
  • On day three, the number of antral follicles and the hormone levels were within acceptable limits.
  • An HSG (hysterosalpingogram) and a pelvic ultrasound were used to confirm tubal patency and uterine anatomy, respectively.

Method of treatment recommended to the patient:

  • The couple chose in vitro fertilisation (IVF) because they were worried about possible problems with the quality of their eggs.
  • To optimise egg production, Mrs. Pooja Sharma underwent controlled ovarian stimulation, with close monitoring of hormone levels and ultrasounds.
  • Ten mature eggs were recovered during egg retrieval.

IVF Procedure:

  • Fertilisation of eggs using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using a partner’s sperm.
  • Five of the embryos successfully developed.
  • It was advised to undergo preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), which turned up two genetically normal embryos.

Outcome of the treatment:

  • One genetically normal embryo was implanted into Mrs. Pooja’s uterus.
  • Successful implantation was confirmed by a positive pregnancy test.
  • Mrs. Pooja Sharma is presently experiencing a healthy pregnancy in its second trimester.

In summary, IVF was a customised approach to address possible issues with egg quality in this instance. In order to pick a genetically normal embryo, PGT was used, which helped to ensure a successful and continuing pregnancy. This emphasises how crucial individualised treatment programmes are to curing infertility, which cannot be explained.


Female infertility treatment is a challenging process that calls for careful assessment, customised plans, and emotional support. Women and couples can face this difficult route with hope and determination by learning the reasons for infertility, investigating the many treatment choices, moderating expectations, and getting support. Fertility experts are essential in directing people towards therapies that are suitable for their particular requirements and objectives and, as a result, increasing their chances of realizing their dream of parenting. If you have been diagnosed with any fertility disorders and are seeking effective female infertility treatment, you can call the mentioned number to speak to our medical coordinator or book an appointment with us by filling out a given form with the required information. Our coordinator will call you back and provide you with all the necessary details.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Can I Travel During My Fertility Treatment?

It totally depends on the type of female infertility treatment you have been advised and are undergoing, as well as the severity of the infertility condition. You can always ask your fertility specialist beforehand if you have any plans to travel to eliminate any risks and complications.

  • Do Injections Given During Female Infertility Treatment Hurt Badly?

The pain tolerance of each person is different from the other. Some women have shared their experience that they felt a slight twitch or pinch at the injection site, and others complained that they felt heightened pain comparatively.

  • Do all Female Infertility Treatments Include Surgical Interventions?

Not really. The type of treatment is determined by the fertility specialist after diagnosing the condition and based on its severity. Some female infertility treatments may involve medications and lifestyle modifications. On the other hand, if infertility is caused by structural abnormalities, the patient may require surgical intervention.

Written by:
Dr. Manika Singh

Dr. Manika Singh

With more than 10 years of experience, Dr. Manika Singh is an IVF expert , specializing in both male and female infertility. Her extensive career include roles in both government and private hospitals, imparting a comprehensive knowledge in reproductive health and fertility care.
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

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Problems with fertility are both emotionally and medically challenging. At Birla Fertility & IVF, we focus on providing you with supportive, personalized care at every step of your journey towards becoming a parent.

Male Infertility

Male factor infertility accounts for almost 40%-50% of all infertility cases. Decreased sperm function can be the result of genetic, lifestyle, medical or environmental factors. Fortunately, most causes of male factor infertility can be easily diagnosed and treated.

We offer a comprehensive range of sperm retrieval procedures and treatments for couples with male factor infertility or sexual dysfunction.

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We offer a comprehensive and supportive donor program to our patients who require donor sperm or donor eggs in their fertility treatments. We are partnered with reliable, government authorised banks to source quality assured donor samples which are carefully matched to you based on blood type and physical characteristics.

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Whether you have made an active decision to delay parenthood or are about to undergo medical treatments that may affect your reproductive health, we can help you explore options to preserve your fertility for the future.

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Some conditions that impact fertility in women such as blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, fibroids, and T-shaped uterus may be treatable with surgery. We offer a range of advanced laparoscopic and hysteroscopic procedures to diagnose and treat these issues.

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Complete range of basic and advanced fertility investigations to diagnose causes of male and female infertility, making way for personalized treatment plans.

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