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Birla Fertility & IVF
Birla Fertility & IVF

Understanding the Difference Between IVF and Surrogacy

  • Published on March 29, 2024
Understanding the Difference Between IVF and Surrogacy

Embarking on the journey to parenthood often involves exploring assisted reproductive technologies, with in vitro fertilization (IVF) and surrogacy emerging as two distinct paths. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the difference between IVF and surrogacy, shedding light on the unique aspects of each method and helping individuals make informed choices on their path to building a family.

Difference Between IVF and Surrogacy

During in vitro fertilization (IVF), an egg is fertilized externally with sperm, and the resultant embryo is then placed into the uterus of the intended mother or a gestational surrogate. Conversely, surrogacy refers to the process by which a different woman, either through traditional surrogacy or gestational surrogacy, carries and delivers the child on behalf of the intended parents without any genetic connection. To understand the detailed difference between IVF and surrogacy reach the below key aspects.

IVF Vs Surrogacy

What is IVF?

IVF, also referred to as in vitro fertilization, is a fertility procedure in which an egg is fertilized externally with sperm. The goal of transferring the resultant embryos into the uterus is to conceive a child successfully. IVF is very helpful for people or couples who are dealing with problems including infertility, blocked fallopian tubes, or inexplicable fertility difficulties.

Key Aspects of IVF:

  • Genetic Connection: Since the sperm and egg utilized in IVF come from the people seeking reproductive aid, there is a genetic link between the intended parents and the kid.
  • Medical Procedures: Several medical procedures are involved in the IVF process, including ovarian stimulation, harvesting of eggs, laboratory fertilization, and embryo transfer. The pregnancy is carried by the IVF patient woman.
  • Fertility Challenges Addressed: IVF helps with a variety of fertility problems, such as poor egg quality, poor sperm motility, or infertility that doesn’t make sense. For couples who want to procreate utilizing their genetic makeup, it offers an option.

What is Surrogacy?

Surrogacy, on the other hand, is an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another person or couple. There are two main types of surrogacy: traditional surrogacy, where the surrogate is genetically related to the child, and gestational surrogacy, where the surrogate has no genetic connection to the child.

Key Aspects of Surrogacy:

  • Genetic Connection: Since her eggs are utilised for conception, the surrogate in a typical surrogacy is genetically related to the kid. The surrogate in a gestational surrogacy has no genetic connection to the kid.
  • Medical Procedures: In vitro fertilization (IVF), a medical procedure used to generate embryos, is part of surrogacy. Using the intended parents’ eggs and sperm (or donor gametes), gestational surrogacy involves transferring the resultant embryos into the surrogate’s uterus.
  • Fertility Challenges Addressed: When the intended mother is unable to carry a pregnancy for medical reasons or has experienced multiple IVF failures, surrogacy is frequently chosen. Male couples that are of the same sex as well as single men have this option.

Legal and Emotional Considerations:

Legal Implications: Surrogacy and IVF both have intricate legal implications. Legal agreements are essential in surrogacy to specify parental rights, obligations, and financial arrangements.

Emotional Dynamics: The emotional dynamics of surrogacy and IVF are very different. In contrast to IVF, which involves the biological mother actively participating in the pregnancy, surrogacy involves a cooperative process in which the intended parents closely collaborate with the surrogate.

Factors to Consider for Decision-Making between IVF and Surrogacy

  • Medical Considerations: Couples facing fertility challenges often opt for IVF when biological parenthood is a primary goal. Surrogacy is chosen when carrying a pregnancy is not feasible due to medical reasons.
  • Personal Preferences: Personal preferences play a significant role. Some may prioritise a genetic connection and choose IVF, while others may opt for surrogacy to overcome specific medical challenges or achieve parenthood without carrying the pregnancy.

Conclusion

Navigating the paths of IVF and surrogacy requires a comprehensive understanding of the unique aspects each method offers. While IVF requires the biological mother to actively participate in the pregnancy, surrogacy offers an alternative for those with particular medical conditions. In the end, the choice is based on personal preferences, medical needs, and goals. It is crucial for people or couples considering these alternatives to speak with legal and reproductive specialists in order to ensure a well-informed and supportive journey towards becoming parents. If you want to speak to a fertility specialist call us at the mentioned number or book an appointment by filling out the given form with the required details.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • How does IVF differ from surrogacy?

IVF transfers embryos to the intended mother or a surrogate after fertilizing eggs outside the body. When a woman is used as a surrogate, she bears and delivers the kid on behalf of the intended parents.

  • What is the main distinction in the genetic connection between IVF and surrogacy?

The intended parents and kid retain a genetic connection thanks to IVF. There are two types of genetic connections in surrogacy: gestational surrogacy has no genetic tie to the surrogate, and traditional surrogacy incorporates the surrogate’s genetic contribution.

  • Do both IVF and surrogacy involve medical procedures?

Indeed, both include medical operations. Ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, and embryo transfer are all included in IVF. IVF is frequently used in surrogacy to generate embryos that are then placed inside the surrogate’s uterus.

  • Who carries the pregnancy in IVF and surrogacy?

With IVF, the pregnancy may be carried by the intended mother or a gestational surrogate. The surrogate bears and delivers the kid on behalf of the intending parents in a surrogacy.

  • Are legal considerations similar for IVF and surrogacy?

There are intricate legal considerations in both. In IVF and surrogacy, legal agreements that specify parental rights, obligations, and financial arrangements are essential.

Written by:
Dr. Vivek P Kakkad

Dr. Vivek P Kakkad

Consultant
With over 10 years of clinical experience, Dr. Vivek P. Kakkad is an expert in the field of reproductive medicine and surgery. With a strong focus on providing patient-centric and compassionate care, he is also a trained professional in Andrology from a globally renowned university. He has also secured one of the top 3 positions in AIIMS DM Reproductive Medicine and achieved All India rank 14 in NEET-SS.
Ahmedabad, Gujrat

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