• English
Birla Fertility & IVF
Birla Fertility & IVF

IVF with Donor Sperm: What to Expect and How it Works

  • Published on November 24, 2023
IVF with Donor Sperm: What to Expect and How it Works

Technologies for assisted reproduction have opened up new options for couples who are having trouble conceiving. We explore one aspect of these technologies in particular—donor sperm in vitro fertilisation (IVF)—in this thorough overview. The purpose of this investigation is to give aspiring parents a comprehensive understanding of the process, its workings, and the advantages and disadvantages of using this approach. We also cover the important subject of how to improve the IVF success rate using donor sperm.

Understanding IVF with Donor Sperm

What is Donor Sperm

In IVF with Donor Sperm, sperm from a properly chosen donor is used to help with fertilisation. This approach is frequently used when male infertility presents a serious obstacle.

The IVF Procedure:

When donor sperm is included, the traditional IVF procedure is modified. Multiple eggs are stimulated to be produced by the ovaries, and in a lab, donor sperm is used to fertilise the eggs. After that, viable embryos are inserted into the uterus.

What to Expect During IVF with Donor Sperm Journey

  • Initial Consultation: A comprehensive consultation with fertility professionals marks the start of the journey. In order to customise the treatment plan, medical histories are reviewed and preferences are taken into account.
  • Choosing a Sperm Donor: Future parents may select a sperm donor based on a number of factors, such as physical attributes, educational attainment, and health history. We also look into the possibility of recognised or anonymous contributions.
  • Legal and Ethical Considerations: This section discusses the legal ramifications of using donor sperm, including consent paperwork, donor anonymity, and each party’s respective rights and obligations.
  • Ovulation Stimulation: With the use of fertility drugs, ovaries are stimulated to produce more eggs, increasing the likelihood of successful fertilisation.
  • Sperm Insemination:In the lab, the donor sperm is added to the recovered eggs. Traditional IVF is an option for this, as is the more accurate Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection technique (ICSI).
  • Embryo Transfer:The goal of transferring viable embryos into the uterus is to hopefully get an implant and a healthy pregnancy.

Risks of IVF with Sperm Donor

Following are a few risks and complications that are associated with the standard procedure of IVF with sperm donor. However, these are common risks which may vary from one patient to another depending on their treatment journey. This does not necessarily mean that the risk will arise, it is usually eliminated by the expertise of an IVF expert.

  • Psychological Impact:Both partners may experience psychological difficulties when using donor sperm, necessitating open discussion and emotional support.
  • Multiple Pregnancies: Having numerous pregnancies increases the risk of developing health issues for both the mother and the unborn children.
  • Genetic abnormalities: There is very little chance of acquiring genetic abnormalities from the donor, even with screening.

Advantages of IVF with Donor Sperm

  • Increased Chances of Conception: For couples dealing with male infertility, IVF with donor sperm considerably increases the chances of conception.
  • Choosing Particular Donor Qualities: This option allows for a more individualised approach as prospective parents can select donors based on particular qualities.
  • Creating a Family: IVF using donor sperm offers a practical way for single people or couples to realise their aspirations of starting a family.

How to Find the Right Candidate for Sperm Donor

The following are a few qualities that can help you find the right candidate for sperm donor:

  • Age: Individuals who wish to donate stem cells must normally be between the ages of 18 and 39. Sperm from younger donors is typically of higher quality.
  • Physical Health: Donors should be in good general health and free of infectious diseases or long-term conditions that could spread to their offspring through their sperm.
  • Family Medical History: It is essential to have a thorough awareness of the donor’s medical history, both genetically and otherwise. This aids in determining the likelihood of inheriting illnesses or disorders.
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Donors are required to go through extensive testing for a variety of STIs, such as syphilis, HIV, and hepatitis. Frequent screening reduces the chance of transmission and guarantees the safety of the sperm.
  • No history of Hereditary Condition: To lower the chance of transferring genetic abnormalities to their progeny, donors shouldn’t have a family history of such illnesses.
  • Professional and Educational Background: Although it’s not always the case, certain sperm banks or clinics could favour donors with a particular degree of training or experience in their field.
  • Physical Attributes: Certain recipients might look for donors who possess particular physical attributes, like height, weight, eye or hair colour, or both. For the people or couples utilising assisted reproductive technologies, this is frequently a question of personal preference.
  • Commitment to the Process: Sperm donors may need to make repeated, long-term donations. As such, they must be dedicated to the process. For assisted reproductive techniques to be successful, consistency is essential.
  • Psychological Evaluation: To make sure that donors are mentally prepared for the procedure and are aware of any possible consequences of their donation, certain clinics or sperm banks perform psychological evaluations.
  • Legal Agreements: Usually, sperm donors must be prepared to sign documents releasing them from any parental rights and obligations for any children created with their sperm.

It is noteworthy that there can be differences in the specific standards between sperm banks and fertility clinics.

How to Boost the Success Rate of IVF with Donor Sperm

These are a few general tips that can help you boost the success chances of IVF with donor sperm:

  • Optimising Lifestyle Factors: Keeping up a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, a balanced diet, and stress reduction has a good effect on the outcome of IVF.
  • Understanding Menstrual Cycle: Knowledge of the menstrual cycle and how it affects the outcome of in vitro fertilisation is essential. Treatments can be more effective if they are timed to coincide with the natural cycle.
  • Following Medical Advice: During the IVF process, it is crucial to follow the doctor’s advice and prescriptions. Compliance has a major impact on the procedure’s success.
  • Embracing Emotional Support: Recognising the emotional components of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) using donor sperm and asking friends, family, or support groups for assistance can help make the process go more smoothly overall.


In conclusion, IVF using donor sperm gives people and couples who are having trouble conceiving hope and possibilities. Prospective parents can confidently embark on this life-changing adventure by making informed decisions and obtaining a thorough awareness of the procedure, risks, and advantages. Success with in vitro fertilisation (IVF) involves more than just medical treatments; it involves a comprehensive strategy that takes into account lifestyle decisions, mental health, and joint efforts between hopeful parents and medical specialists. If you are looking for IVF with donor sperm, consult our fertility expert today, you can either give us a call directly at the number above or schedule an appointment by completing the given form. Our coordinator will get in touch with you soon to discuss your needs and set you up with the most qualified fertility specialist at Birla Fertility & IVF.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • How long does it usually take to undergo IVF with donor sperm?

In general, the IVF procedure including donor sperm requires four to six weeks to complete, encompassing ovarian stimulation, egg harvesting, fertilisation, embryo development, and embryo transfer to the uterus.

  • After IVF using donor sperm, is there a recovery period?

In response, the physical recuperation period is brief, usually lasting one or two days following egg retrieval. Emotional healing takes several forms, though, and people might require some time to process the results and come to terms with either success or setbacks.

  • Does using donor sperm in IVF require taking medication?

Medicine is frequently used during IVF with donor sperm. The goals of fertility drugs are to control the menstrual cycle, increase egg production in the ovaries, and ready the uterus for the implantation of embryos.

  •  Are there any prescribed drugs to be taken following IVF?

In order to promote embryo implantation, progesterone and other hormone support therapies may be prescribed after in vitro fertilisation. The specific drugs prescribed are determined by the clinic’s procedure and each patient’s response.

Written by:
Dr. Souren Bhattacharjee

Dr. Souren Bhattacharjee

Dr. Souren Bhattacharjee is a distinguished IVF specialist with over 32 years of experience, spanning across India and prestigious institutions in the UK, Bahrain, and Bangladesh. His expertise covers the comprehensive management of male and female infertility. He has been trained in infertility management from various reputed institutes in India and UK including the esteemed John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.
Over 32 Years of Experience
Kolkata, West Bengal

Our Services

Fertility Treatments

Problems with fertility are both emotionally and medically challenging. At Birla Fertility & IVF, we focus on providing you with supportive, personalized care at every step of your journey towards becoming a parent.

Male Infertility

Male factor infertility accounts for almost 40%-50% of all infertility cases. Decreased sperm function can be the result of genetic, lifestyle, medical or environmental factors. Fortunately, most causes of male factor infertility can be easily diagnosed and treated.

We offer a comprehensive range of sperm retrieval procedures and treatments for couples with male factor infertility or sexual dysfunction.

Donor Services

We offer a comprehensive and supportive donor program to our patients who require donor sperm or donor eggs in their fertility treatments. We are partnered with reliable, government authorised banks to source quality assured donor samples which are carefully matched to you based on blood type and physical characteristics.

Fertility Preservation

Whether you have made an active decision to delay parenthood or are about to undergo medical treatments that may affect your reproductive health, we can help you explore options to preserve your fertility for the future.

Gynaecological Procedures

Some conditions that impact fertility in women such as blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, fibroids, and T-shaped uterus may be treatable with surgery. We offer a range of advanced laparoscopic and hysteroscopic procedures to diagnose and treat these issues.

Genetics & Diagnostics

Complete range of basic and advanced fertility investigations to diagnose causes of male and female infertility, making way for personalized treatment plans.

Our Blogs

By clicking Proceed, you agree to our Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy

You can also reach us at

Do you have a question?

Footer arrow