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Birla Fertility & IVF
Birla Fertility & IVF

Male Fertility Test: Everything You Need to Know

  • Published on October 27, 2023
Male Fertility Test: Everything You Need to Know

Couples all around the world struggle with fertility issues, and it’s important to remember that both parties may be at fault. Male infertility, which has a number of factors that may affect a man’s ability to conceive with his spouse, is a significant contributing factor. This in-depth blog examines the reasons, signs, and a thorough breakdown of the diagnostic procedures available to evaluate the health of the male reproductive system. Couples can achieve their goal of parenthood by making informed decisions, getting the right medical advice, and exploring treatment options by knowing the complexities of male fertility.

Understanding Male Fertility Issues

Numerous factors, including sperm production, sperm quality, and sperm transportation, might contribute to male infertility problems. Hormonal dysregulation, structural anomalies, infections, hereditary factors, and lifestyle influences like smoking, binge drinking, and obesity are among the most typical causes. These problems may result in decreased sperm quantity, motility, or morphology, making pregnancy difficult to accomplish.

Common Symptoms

Infertility in men may not show any signs other than the inability to conceive. However, some symptoms, such as sexual dysfunction, pain or swelling in the testicles, changes in sexual desire, or hair development, may point to possible problems. While not exclusive to infertility, these symptoms may cause men to seek out diagnostic testing.

Diagnostic Tests For Male Fertility

  • Semen Analysis: Semen analysis, at its most basic level, assesses sperm quantity, motility, and morphology. It serves as the initial diagnostic procedure to evaluate male fertility.
  • Hormone Testing: Sperm production may be impacted by hormonal abnormalities. Problems with testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and prolactin can be found by blood tests.
  • Scrotal Ultrasound: The testicles can be seen, and abnormalities such as varicoceles or blockages can be found using ultrasound imaging.
  • Genetic Analysis: Male infertility can be caused by genetic reasons. Genetic tests can detect diseases like Y chromosomal microdeletions and Klinefelter syndrome.
  • Post-Ejaculation Urinalysis: This test looks for sperm in the urine after ejaculation to help in identifying retrograde ejaculation.
  • Testicular Biopsy: A testicular biopsy can identify whether sperm production problems originate in the testicles when sperm are missing from the ejaculate.
  • Sperm Function Tests: These tests evaluate the sperm’s capacity to reach an egg and fertilise it.

Causes of Male Infertility

It is essential to investigate the various causes of male infertility. Among these, the common ones are:

  • Varicocele: Enlarged scrotal veins that can heat up and reduce sperm count.
  • Obstruction: Blockages in the reproductive system can prevent sperm from traveling.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Changes in hormone levels can have an impact on the quantity and quality of sperm.
  • Hormonal imbalances: Problems with ejaculation include retrograde ejaculation, which causes sperm to be released into the bladder rather than the urethra.
  • Ejaculatory issues: Sexually transmitted illnesses and other infections can harm the reproductive system.
  • Medication and Medical Procedures: Chemotherapy is one medical procedure that can affect fertility.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Poor practices, including smoking, binge drinking, abusing drugs, and being overweight, can have an impact on sperm quality.

Treatment Options for Male Infertility

Depending on the underlying causes, there are many treatments for male infertility. Lifestyle changes, hormonal therapy, surgical corrections (such as varicocele repair), assisted reproductive techniques like intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and sperm retrieval methods for severe cases are examples of common interventions.

Prevention Tips

Male fertility maintenance and enhancement depend heavily on prevention and lifestyle changes. Men are advised to:

  • Keep a healthy weight.
  • Regular exercise Consume a nutrient-rich, balanced diet
  • Avoid using drugs and smoking.
  • Limit your alcohol intake.
  • Protect yourself against sexually transmitted illnesses
  • Reduce stress


Understanding the origins, symptoms, and diagnostic procedures for male reproductive disorders is an essential first step in finding solutions. Couples can investigate potential ways to overcome male infertility and fulfill their ambition of having children, thanks to improvements in medical research and the range of treatment choices now available. Men can improve their reproductive health and boost their chances of conception by consulting the best fertility specialist and making an effort to live a healthy lifestyle. If you have been diagnosed with any fertility issues and are looking for effective fertility treatment, call us today. Or, book an appointment with us by filling out a form with the necessary details, and our coordinator will call you back as soon as possible in order to provide the information.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Why are imaging tests best for diagnostics?

Typically, experts suggest imaging diagnostics like ultrasound and ultrasonography. These imaging tests are advised to detect the underlying condition and the right root cause in order to determine an effective treatment plan.

  • What are the most common fertility tests recommended for men?

The following are a few common fertility tests that are recommended for men in order to analyze fertility related issues:

  • Urinalysis
  • Scrotal ultrasound
  • Semen analysis
  • Hormone testing
  • Other imaging tests (if necessary)
  • How are samples collected for semen analysis?

To collect the sample, you will be provided with a sterile container,  and the expert may ask you to ejaculate directly into the container. In addition, it is advised by the expert not to touch the inside of the given cup in order to avoid contamination of the sample.

  • What should I eat before diagnostic tests?

It is said that men should avoid junk food and smoking and should abstain from sexual intercourse before diagnostic tests. Also, if you have eaten anything or vice versa, do tell your lab expert so that they can guide you better in order to avoid any discrepancy in the results.

Written by:
Dr. Pooja Verma

Dr. Pooja Verma

With over 11 years of experience, Dr. Pooja Verma  is a dedicated healthcare professional with expertise in male and female infertility. In her decade-long experience, she has worked with renowned hospitals and fertility clinics. Additionally, she has handled multiple complicated cases and has also completed several research projects related to reproductive health.
Raipur, Chhattisgarh

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Male factor infertility accounts for almost 40%-50% of all infertility cases. Decreased sperm function can be the result of genetic, lifestyle, medical or environmental factors. Fortunately, most causes of male factor infertility can be easily diagnosed and treated.

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