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Birla Fertility & IVF
Birla Fertility & IVF

What Are the Signs of Bad Egg Quality

  • Published on January 10, 2023
What Are the Signs of Bad Egg Quality

Ever heard the term ‘Bad Egg Quality’ and wondered how the difficulties of motherhood relate to it? Egg quality can occasionally cause an obstacle in the process of becoming a parent. Let’s unfold some significant topics related to bad/poor egg quality and how it impacts a woman’s fertility. In simple terms, the higher the quality of the egg, the higher your chances of a successful pregnancy. First, let’s understand what is bad egg quality.

What is Bad Egg Quality?

The eggs or oocytes play an important role in female fertility. Essentially, the quality of an egg determines the outcome of fertilization as well as the growth and implantation of the embryo within the uterus. The better the quality of the egg the higher the chances are of embryo development and implantation. It is crucial to understand the signs of bad egg quality if you are trying to conceive.

Signs of Bad Egg Quality

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Bad egg quality can result in infertility. Therefore, if you are trying to conceive and noticing any type of sign, it might be time to have a chat with a fertility specialist for more clarity. Understanding these signs of bad/poor egg quality can help you navigate your fertility journey:

  • Chromosome Count

For an egg to fertilize into a healthy embryo, it must contain the proper number of chromosomes (23) in relation to the sperm. Changes here could indicate problems with the quality of the eggs.

  • Chromosomal Disorders

Age can impact fertility by raising the possibility of chromosomal abnormalities in eggs. It’s like the eggs aren’t following the genetic blueprint as they should.

  • Low FSH Reserve

If eggs need more of the Follicle Stimulating Hormone to mature, it could indicate declining egg quality.

  • Estradiol Levels

It’s a hormonal signal worth paying attention to, if estradiol is low, the eggs aren’t maturing well, in fact impacting their quality.

  • AMH Levels

We can see a glimpse of the ovarian reserve through levels of anti-mullerian hormone. Low AMH states fewer quality eggs and difficulty in conceiving.

  • Follicle Count

A transvaginal ultrasound can reveal the number of available follicles. A lower count might hint at a reduced egg reserve.

  • Irregular Cycles

Trouble conceiving or irregular menstrual cycles can be the primary indicators of potential egg quality issues.

  • Miscarriages

For a mother, it is a distressing situation and experiencing multiple miscarriages may point towards compromised egg quality, among other factors.

  • Impact of Age

Undoubtedly, age is a significant factor here. It may get more difficult to control egg quality after you reach the 35-point mark.

Factors Affecting Egg Quality

Being aware of all the factors that can affect egg quality helps you modify your fertility journey for positive results.

  • Age: Definitely, age matters, post-35, egg quality often declines, bumping up the risk of issues.
  • Ovarian Reserve: Fewer high-quality eggs mean challenges in conceiving. Key tests include FSH and AMH levels.
  • Genetics: Some disorders can mess with egg development, impacting quality. So it plays an important role in egg quality.
  • Environmental Impact: Pollution and toxins are bad news for eggs. Living healthy helps fight this.
  • Lifestyle Choices: Smoking, heavy drinking, and skipping exercise can impact egg quality. Aim for a balanced, active lifestyle.
  • Medical Conditions: Conditions like endometriosis or PCOS need careful management to protect egg quality.
  • Hormonal Balances: Keeping hormones in check, including insulin and thyroid function, is crucial for egg quality.
  • Egg Maturity: Issues with egg maturation, due to irregular ovulation or hormonal imbalances, affect quality.
  • Past Surgeries: Ovarian surgeries might impact the function and quality of the egg, so it’s worth a chat with your fertility expert.
  • Cancer Treatments: Chemo and radiation can harm fertility. Sometimes, fertility preservation is an option to reserve your eggs for future pregnancy.
  • Infections: Pelvic infections can damage reproductive health, impacting eggs.

How to Diagnose Bad Egg Quality?

Advanced reproductive technologies, hormone testing, and medical history evaluations are often used in conjunction to diagnose egg quality. Key methods for assessing and diagnosing egg quality are as follows:

Medical History and Lifestyle Assessment:

The first step of the diagnosis is to do a comprehensive assessment of your medical history, which should include your gynaecological and reproductive history.

Ovarian Reserve Tests: Such tests reveal information on the number and, to some extent, quality of a woman’s eggs. Diagnostic tests to detect ovarian reserve include:

  • Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH)
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Antral Follicle Count (AFC):
  • Hormone levels on 3rd day of periods
  • Estradiol testing

Treatment Options for Bad Egg Quality 

Treatments for poor egg quality can be challenging, however, at Birla Fertility & IVF, our specialists follow some of the approaches to manage and improve egg quality:

  • Lifestyle Modifications: A little shift towards healthier choices—like diet, workouts, and stress management can boost your egg quality.
  • Supplements: Adding supplements like CoQ10 and other antioxidants might help in improving egg quality.
  • Medication: Sometimes, a little support with medicines like Dehydroepiandrosterone  (DHEA) can enhance the quality.
  • Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS): PGS can identify chromosomally abnormal embryos, improving the chances of selecting healthy embryos for transfer.
  • Plan B: Egg Donation:When all the treatment options fail, donor eggs can be the best choice for your fertility journey.


Navigating fertility can be a maze of emotions and questions, especially when terms like “Bad Egg Quality” are mentioned. This article helps you understand egg quality and the key to unlocking the doors to parenthood. Remember, understanding the signs and seeking expert advice early can make all the difference in your fertility journey. If you are trying to conceive and facing issues with it, consult our fertility expert today. To book an appointment at Birla Fertility & IVF, you can either give a call at the mentioned contact number or fill out an appointment form with your required details and our medical coordinator will call you shortly.

Written by:
Dr. Shivika Gupta

Dr. Shivika Gupta

With over 5 years of experience, Dr. Shivika Gupta is a dedicated healthcare professional with a wealth of experience in the field of reproductive health. She has made significant contributions to medical research with multiple publications in reputable journals and is an expert in managing female infertility cases.
Gurgaon – Sector 14, Haryana

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