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Birla Fertility & IVF
Birla Fertility & IVF

Understanding Uterus Swelling: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

  • Published on December 20, 2023
Understanding Uterus Swelling: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Uterus swelling, medically referred to as uterine enlargement, can be a dangerous condition and women affected with it need to be treated carefully and quickly. This article will guide you in comprehending the signs, causes, diagnostic procedures, and range of treatment options related to uterine enlargement.

Symptoms of Uterus Swelling

The following are a few symptoms of uterus swelling. However, the symptoms may vary from one patient to another based on the severity of the condition.

  • Pelvic Pain: A typical sign of uterine swelling is persistent or sporadic pain in the pelvic area.
  • Irregular Menstrual Cycles: Changes in the menstrual cycle, such as heavier or irregular cycles, are referred to as menstrual irregularities.
  • Abdominal Discomfort: A lower abdominal pressure or fullness sensation.
  • Frequent Urination: Increased urgency and frequency of urination might be caused by pressure on the bladder.
  • Back Pain: A common symptom of uterine enlargement is lower back discomfort.

Causes of Uterus Swelling

The most common factors that can lead to uterus swelling are:

  • Uterine Fibroids: Noncancerous growths in the uterus that can cause it to enlarge are one of the causes of uterine swelling.
  • Adenomyosis: The uterine lining starts to develop into the walls of the muscles.
  • Uterine Cancer: Swelling caused by a malignant tumour within the uterus.
  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy, uterine growth is normal.
  • Endometriosis: The growth of tissue that resembles the lining of the uterus outside of it.

Diagnostics for Uterus Swelling

The doctor will perform a thorough diagnosis in order to determine the type of treatment to correct uterus swelling. The general diagnosis will include a physical examination, medical history and family history of the patient. The following are a few diagnostic tests that are usually recommended to detect the severity of the uterus swelling:

  • Ultrasound: Imaging test to see the uterus and find any anomalies.
  • MRI: Offers precise pictures to identify the existence and degree of edoema.
  • Biopsy: When cancer is suspected, a tiny tissue sample is removed for analysis in a lab.
  • Hysteroscopy: To view the uterus’ interior, a thin, flexible tube equipped with a camera is inserted.

Treatment for Enlarged Uterus

Since every person’s circumstances are different, speaking with an expert can help you decide on the best course of treatment. Maintaining the best potential outcomes for patients with uterine swelling requires regular check-ups and honest communication with the doctor.

There are many approaches to a treatment for an enlarged uterus, the doctor will determine the best technique according to the criticality of  the condition:

  1. Medication
  • Hormonal Therapy: GnRH agonists, hormonal IUDs, and birth control tablets may be recommended in situations when uterine swelling is caused by hormonal imbalances. These aid in the successful management of symptoms by regulating variations in hormones.
  1. Surgery
  • Myomectomy: This procedure may be necessary if uterine fibroids are the cause of the swelling. In order to preserve fertility, this surgical treatment removes the fibroids while leaving the uterus intact.
  • Hysterectomy: When fertility is unaffected or in more severe situations, a hysterectomy may be recommended. This offers a long-term remedy for uterine enlargement by removing the uterus.
  1. Minimally Invasive Procedures: 
  • Uterine Artery Embolisation (UAE): This surgery involves cutting off the blood supply to fibroids, which causes them to shrink. It allows for a quicker recovery and is a less invasive option to surgery.
  • Endometrial Ablation: This treatment option is available for disorders such as adenomyosis. In order to relieve symptoms like heavy bleeding, this technique attempts to dissolve the uterine lining.
  1. Fertility-Sparing Options: 
  • Laparoscopic Surgery: Some conditions causing uterus swelling can be addressed through laparoscopic surgery. This minimally invasive approach allows for a quicker recovery and preservation of fertility. 
  • Fertility Preservation Techniques: If fertility is a concern, certain treatments and surgeries can be chosen to preserve reproductive capabilities while managing uterus swelling.
  1. Radiation and Chemotherapy: 
  • Uterine Cancer Treatment: In cases where swelling is due to cancer, treatments like radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be recommended. These aim to target and eliminate cancer cells, but the choice of treatment depends on the specific type and stage of cancer.
  1. Modifications to Lifestyle: 
  • Diet and Exercise: Leading a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and consistent exercise can help control symptoms and improve general health. Keeping a healthy weight is especially important while treating some of the reasons for an enlarged uterus in the uterus.


In conclusion, people can make educated decisions regarding their reproductive health by being aware of the signs, causes, diagnostic procedures, and available treatments for uterine enlargement. Keeping open lines of communication with fertility experts and scheduling routine checkups are essential to preserving general health.  If you are diagnosed with uterus swelling and you trying for a healthy pregnancy, consult our fertility expert today. You can either call us directly by dialling the above-given number, or you can book an appointment by filling in the details in the appointment form, our coordinator will call you back shortly to understand your query and will connect you with the best fertility expert at Birla Fertility & IVF.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • What causes swelling in the uterus?

A number of conditions, such as fibroids, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and pregnancy, can result in uterine enlargement. To ensure an appropriate diagnosis, it’s crucial to speak with a healthcare professional.

  • Can uterus swelling be a sign of something serious?

Indeed, that is possible. Although benign disorders like fibroids may be the cause, they can also signal more serious problems like cancer. A timely medical assessment is crucial.

  • Are there any symptoms that accompany uterus swelling?

Symptoms can differ, although they frequently involve excessive menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, or discomfort during sexual activity. There might not be any symptoms at all in certain situations.

  • How is swelling in the uterus treated?

Depending on the underlying cause, treatment varies. It could entail hormone therapy, medicine, or surgery. Lifestyle changes may occasionally help manage symptoms as well.

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