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Birla Fertility & IVF
Birla Fertility & IVF
High Blood Pressure and Fertility High Blood Pressure and Fertility

High Blood Pressure and Fertility

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Links between hypertension and infertility

High blood pressure can lead to fertility problems in both males and females. The medicines used to treat hypertension might also affect fertility. It has been discovered that women with high blood pressure have more difficulty conceiving.

Women who have high blood pressure before pregnancy are at an increased risk of complications during pregnancy such as

  • Preeclampsia
  • Premature delivery
  • Fetal growth restriction
  • Ceseaserina delivery
  • Placental separation from the uterus
  • Fetal death
  • Interruption in blood supply leading to stroke
  • Women having seizures
  • Liver problems 
  • Blood clotting 
  • Risk of kidney failure

High blood pressure in both women and men can make it harder to get pregnant, leading to infertility. 

Chronic high blood pressure prior to pregnancy has also been associated

  • Poor egg quality
  • Excessive production of estrogen
  • Difficulty in embryo implantation
  • Miscarriage

Males with high blood pressure have

  • Reduced semen volume
  • Sperm motility (the ability of the sperm to move properly)
  • Total sperm count

People who can be affected with infertility due to high blood pressure

  • Old and elderly
  • Obese or excessively overweight 
  • Age (above 30-35 years)

Infertile women have high blood pressure challenges

Obesity, high cholesterol, stress, and a lack of physical activity can all contribute to high blood pressure. High blood pressure is also something that some women can inherit from family. It’s not as simple as you might assume to figure out what to do about high blood pressure before getting pregnant.

Eating a good diet and exercising are undoubtedly important pre-pregnancy goals, doctors have disagreed on whether or not to begin blood pressure medication before you get pregnant. If your blood pressure is consistently higher than normal when you’re at rest, that is a clear indication that medication is required. 

But you can not treat hypertension with medication unless there’s evidence of kidney failure and heart diseases, which is what is looked at in infertile women with hypertension. Therefore, the infertile patient’s problem is that lowering her high blood pressure may take some time.


Is it possible for high blood pressure to induce a miscarriage?

High blood pressure may actually lead to miscarriage and pregnancy loss but consulting your doctor is recommended.

Can people with high blood pressure conceive?

Yes, people with high blood pressure can conceive but there may be complications, it is recommended to consult a specialist. 


What complications can a woman get due to hypertension?

Preeclampsia and damage to other organs like the liver and kidney are the most common complications affected due to hypertension

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