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Are IVF procedures painful?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Are IVF procedures painful?

No, IVF treatments are not painful as such but you might feel a little discomfort during the procedure but that’s not the case for every woman.

 

Are babies born through IVF normal?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Are babies born through IVF normal?

Yes, babies born through IVF are normal.

How do I know if I need an IVF treatment?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
How do I know if I need an IVF treatment?

If you are not able to conceive for more than a year, consulting a specialist might give you better clarity about not being able to conceive and might suggest an IVF treatment for conceiving.

Are fertility treatments costly?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Are fertility treatments costly?

The cost of treatment may differ from clinic to clinic. Clinics must keep things honest from the outset in order to avoid further confusion and distress to the couple.

Why does every couple need an individualised plan?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Why does every couple need an individualised plan?

Individualised plans allow the doctor and the patient to focus on the cause and provide a solution based on the right diagnosis.

What can I drink to become pregnant?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
What can I drink to become pregnant?

Consult your specialist and do as recommended by them. Also, keep yourself hydrated all day before and even throughout your pregnancy period.

What do I need to avoid while trying for a baby?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
What do I need to avoid while trying for a baby?

Avoid losing too much weight, overdoing activities, smoking, and drinking excessive amounts of energy and caffeinated drinks.

Why is it important to make changes before planning a baby?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Why is it important to make changes before planning a baby?

Living a healthy lifestyle can help in delivering a healthy baby in the safest way possible.

 

How many cycles of IVF can be done?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
How many cycles of IVF can be done?

Because every woman’s body is different, the number of cycles should be decided following a thorough medical examination.

After a failed IVF, how long should I wait?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
After a failed IVF, how long should I wait?

It is suggested to wait at least 5-6 weeks after a failed IVF before trying again or as directed by the doctor.

What happens if IVF fails?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
What happens if IVF fails?

Depending upon the cause of IVF failure, several options are available, from giving it another try to third party donor assistance to adoption.

How do you distinguish which fertility centre is better?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
How do you distinguish which fertility centre is better?

Clinics with more advanced and modern technologies will be able to provide better treatment options to the couple. It depends on the resources that are available for the patients.

Is it okay to shift fertility doctors?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Is it okay to shift fertility doctors?

It is important for one to feel connected with the expert, and if that’s not the case seeking a second opinion or switching to another doctor makes more sense.

When to seek a second opinion?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
When to seek a second opinion?

If you are not satisfied with your current diagnosis or the clinic you can and should go for a second opinion.

Does masturbation cause azoospermia?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Does masturbation cause azoospermia?

When a man ejaculates excessively and on a daily basis, it might temporarily lead to a deficiency of sperm, but there isn’t any direct link between masturbation and azoospermia.

 

Can someone be born with azoospermia?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Can someone be born with azoospermia?

It is not certain, so the condition may be present at birth or may develop later in life.

Is azoospermia curable?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Is azoospermia curable?

Curing or revering azoospermia depends on the cause. The patient needs to consult with the doctor to determine its cause and understand the available treatment options.

Are IVF babies delivered naturally?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Are IVF babies delivered naturally?

Yes, IVF babies can be delivered naturally, but the female and the doctor should take the right precaution and care while delivering. 

Is there any difference between IVF babies and normal babies?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Is there any difference between IVF babies and normal babies?

Yes, normal babies are born through natural sexual intercourse, and IVF babies are born with the help of Assisted Reproductive Technology IVF and are perfectly healthy.

What complications can a woman get due to hypertension?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
What complications can a woman get due to hypertension?

Preeclampsia and damage to other organs like the liver and kidney are the most common complications affected due to hypertension

Can people with high blood pressure conceive?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Can people with high blood pressure conceive?

Yes, people with high blood pressure can conceive but there may be complications, it is recommended to consult a specialist. 

 

Is it possible for high blood pressure to induce a miscarriage?

  • Published on January 25, 2022
  • Updated on January 25, 2022
Is it possible for high blood pressure to induce a miscarriage?

High blood pressure may actually lead to miscarriage and pregnancy loss but consulting your doctor is recommended.

 How do follicles develop?

  • Published on December 22, 2021
  • Updated on February 28, 2022
 How do follicles develop?

The pituitary gland produces two hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH), which cause primordial follicles to mature.

 

How many follicles are developed each month?

  • Published on December 22, 2021
  • Updated on December 22, 2021
How many follicles are developed each month?

Every month, 1 follicle is selected, and when it is matured and developed to the right size, it ruptures and releases the egg for the fertilisation process.

Is it possible to get pregnant with multi follicular ovaries?

  • Published on December 22, 2021
  • Updated on December 22, 2021
Is it possible to get pregnant with multi follicular ovaries?

Yes, you can get pregnant with multi follicular ovaries, but there are chances that the conception process may slow down.

Is it possible for me to get pregnant if I have an eating disorder?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is it possible for me to get pregnant if I have an eating disorder?

Your situation may be different if you have an eating disorder like anorexia or bulimia. There can be cases that even after obtaining treatment for an eating disorder, patients can still have fertility issues.

Is it possible for anorexia to cause early menopause?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is it possible for anorexia to cause early menopause?

Women who have been severely underweight for a long time due to eating disorders are more prone to experience early menopause.

Is it possible for one to get pregnant if they have an eating disorder?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is it possible for one to get pregnant if they have an eating disorder?

Each  persons situation may be different if they have an eating disorder like anorexia or bulimia. There can be cases that even after obtaining treatment for an eating disorder, they can still have fertility issues.

Is IVF painful?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is IVF painful?

The majority of people report no adverse effects, however, a few might experience bloating and mild cramping.

What should I avoid during IVF?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What should I avoid during IVF?

Fizzy drinks, refined sugar and eatables high in carbohydrates such as potatoes, white rice and bread should be avoided.

When should one start preparing for IVF?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
When should one start preparing for IVF?

The preparation period begins two to four weeks before your IVF cycle begins. It is necessary to make lifestyle modifications to ensure you’re at your healthiest.

How do follicles develop?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How do follicles develop?

The pituitary gland produces two hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH), which cause primordial follicles to mature.

How many follicles are developed each month?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How many follicles are developed each month?

Every month, 1 follicle is selected, and when it is matured and developed to the right size, it ruptures and releases the egg for the fertilisation process.

Is it possible to get pregnant with multi follicular ovaries?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is it possible to get pregnant with multi follicular ovaries?

Yes, you can get pregnant with multi follicular ovaries, but there are chances that the conception process may slow down.

Where is sperm stored?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Where is sperm stored?

Sperm is stored in the epididymis, the tube that transports sperm from the testicles to the uterus. 

What part of the male reproductive system is responsible for sperm production?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What part of the male reproductive system is responsible for sperm production?

Sperm and seminal fluid are produced by the glands (Testes) of the male reproductive system. 

What are the male structures that have a role in conception?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What are the male structures that have a role in conception?

The testes (which generate sperm), penis, epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts, and urethra, all play a role in conception.

Is it possible for a female to reject sperm?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is it possible for a female to reject sperm?

Some sperm appear to be unable to connect with the female reproductive system, and while a man may appear to be fertile, his sperm may be rejected by a woman if it is incompatible with her.

What goes on in a woman’s reproductive system?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What goes on in a woman’s reproductive system?

The female reproductive system’s primary role is to generate fertilised eggs (ova) and to provide the space for a baby to grow. In order for this to happen, the female reproductive system must have the components in place to allow male sperm to meet female eggs.

How long does sperm live in a woman’s body?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How long does sperm live in a woman’s body?

Within the female reproductive canal, ejaculated sperm can survive for several days. Fertilization is feasible for up to five days if the sperm are living. Once semen has been frozen, it can be kept for years outside the body.

What is the next step after IVF failure?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What is the next step after IVF failure?

The term IVF failure is different for everyone, so depending on the reason for your IVF failure, there could be several fertility treatments ranging from trying again or opting for other forms of fertility assistance.

How many IVF cycles should a woman try?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How many IVF cycles should a woman try?

On average, a woman should try for two to three IVF cycles, but only after consulting well with your fertility expert.

What could be the most common reason for IVF failure?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What could be the most common reason for IVF failure?

Low embryo quality owing to poor egg quality is the most prevalent reason for IVF failure at all ages.

How to deal with a distanced and unsupportive partner?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How to deal with a distanced and unsupportive partner?

Try having a healthy conversation and find reasons for any challenges the partner might be feeling. Assist each other in determining the source of any distress.

How to cope with infertility stress?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How to cope with infertility stress?

Focus on the present and stop living your life by worrying and stressing over things that aren’t in your control. Start involving yourself in activities that could help distract your mind.

How to handle insensitive comments in infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How to handle insensitive comments in infertility?

It is best to change the subject because you are not obligated to answer everyone or handle the conversation maturely and politely. 

Will pregnancy help in curing depression?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Will pregnancy help in curing depression?

It is a reasonable assumption that positive pregnancy can help in fading the signs of depression. But this isn’t always the case, women who have struggled with infertility are known to experience depression throughout their pregnancy and might have a higher risk of postpartum depression.

Can depression cause infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Can depression cause infertility?

Although some studies have established a link between depression and increased infertility rates, no one knows for sure whether depression can cause infertility. 

What triggers infertility-related depression?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 22, 2021
What triggers infertility-related depression?

Infertility is a condition that affects your personal and sexual life, making you doubt your self-worth and interferes in your day-to-day activities. Amidst your infertility testing and treatments, you may start to feel like your entire life is revolving around fertility clinics and doctors. All these situations tend to lead to the onset of depression.

When dealing with infertility, how to stay positive?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
When dealing with infertility, how to stay positive?

Be kind to yourself because it is certain that going through fertility treatments would be unpleasant at times, both mentally and physically.

How can you help someone who is infertile?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How can you help someone who is infertile?

Let them know that you care and do your research well. It is always best to provide all the support they need emotionally and, if possible, financially. Please support them in whatever decision they take.

How do you cope with infertility emotionally?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How do you cope with infertility emotionally?

It is important to acknowledge the feelings of the other and always stay honest with your partner. 

When is conceiving a problem of concern in a relationship?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
When is conceiving a problem of concern in a relationship?

When a couple has been trying to get pregnant for more than a year that is when the problem starts to arise. When a woman reaches the age of 35, attempts and chances to conceive drop, and she is diagnosed with infertility. Women above the age of 40 should be evaluated before trying.

What can infertility do to a relationship/couple?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What can infertility do to a relationship/couple?

In a marriage, infertility can lead to loneliness, depression, days and months full of stress and tensions, and fear of financial hardships.

Do couples end their relationship over infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Do couples end their relationship over infertility?

Though every couple is different and every couple’s connection is different from the other but according to some research, couples who do not conceive after fertility treatments are three times as likely to divorce or take a break than those who do. 

Are fertility tests accurate?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Are fertility tests accurate?

If you opt for at-home tests, then the accuracy is low. You should always visit the best and trusted clinic to perform fertility tests.

Should I and my partner both undergo fertility tests?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Should I and my partner both undergo fertility tests?

Yes, for determining the best possible cause of infertility, if any, both males and females should go through fertility tests. It further helps doctors to understand the right way forward.

Can I do a fertility test at home?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Can I do a fertility test at home?

Always consult with your fertility expert before attempting a fertility test by yourself at home. Usually, at-home tests involve collecting a small blood sample at home and sending it off to the lab for testing, but these should only be done with thorough understanding and warnings from your healthcare provider. 

What are various treatment options if diagnosed with secondary infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What are various treatment options if diagnosed with secondary infertility?

IUI, IVF, FET, surgery to repair uterine problems like fibroids, and medications like antioxidants and anti-ageing supplements are given to increase fertility in men.

Is it possible to conceive if you have secondary infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is it possible to conceive if you have secondary infertility?

Yes, you can get pregnant even if you have secondary infertility. However, you may need the help of a fertility expert to diagnose any problems you face while trying to conceive.

Is having a second child more difficult?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is having a second child more difficult?

Aside from the age disparity, the fact is that there will always be an unpleasant impediment that makes having a second child difficult.

Is PCOS curable?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is PCOS curable?

No, it isn’t. It can be treated but not cured. Treatment can help improve the condition depending on the symptoms. In many people with PCOS, losing weight can help them feel better.

What is the risk of having PCOS?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What is the risk of having PCOS?

Women with PCOS are at high risk of health problems associated with cardiovascular health and heart diseases.

What are the signs of PCOS?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 22, 2021
What are the signs of PCOS?

The signs of PCOS are severe acne, oily skin and hair, excessive hair growth on the face and body, hormonal changes, excessive hair fall, weight gain around the lower abdomen or trouble losing weight, irregular or no menstrual cycle and difficulty in getting pregnant.

What are the early symptoms of endometriosis?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 22, 2021
What are the early symptoms of endometriosis?

The early symptoms of endometriosis are abdominal cramps, pelvic pain during menstrual cycles, feeling of nausea and vomiting, irritable bowel movements during menstruation, lengthy and heavy menstruals and pain during or after sexual intercourse.

Is it possible to conceive with thick endometrium?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is it possible to conceive with thick endometrium?

When the uterine lining is excessively thick, the fertilised egg cannot be implanted resulting in no pregnancy. Therefore, it is important to address an overly thick uterine lining that can help you conceive. 

How is one infected with endometriosis?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How is one infected with endometriosis?

The most common cause of endometriosis is irregular or reverse menstrual flow. Some of the tissue starts to shed during the menstrual cycle and flows into other parts of the body, such as the pelvic, via the fallopian tube. 

What if a person is hesitant to go ahead with the test?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What if a person is hesitant to go ahead with the test?

Have an in-depth conversation with your fertility expert. Explain reasons for not wanting to do the tests as it is important to undergo the test to determine sperm related causes of infertility.

What should be avoided before semen analysis?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 22, 2021
What should be avoided before semen analysis?

Men should avoid ejaculation for two to three days before the test and do not take any medications without consultation.

How long does it take to analyse sperm?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How long does it take to analyse sperm?

The semen analysis takes around 15-20 minutes to complete. It could suggest a problem if yours takes longer or doesn’t become liquid at all—the amount of fructose in the body. If your doctor can’t discover any sperm in your sperm sample, they’ll most likely look for seminal fructose, which is produced by your seminal vesicles.

How do doctors diagnose Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How do doctors diagnose Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

As there isn’t any specific test conducted, a pelvic exam is done to diagnose PID. The expert will check for any discomfort, pain, tenderness, and irregular vaginal discharge.

How can I tell if I’m affected by PID?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How can I tell if I’m affected by PID?
  • Discomfort and pain in your lower abdomen
  • Fever
  • Abnormal discharge with a foul odour
  • Painful sexual intercourse 
  • Burning sensations while urinating

Is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) a life-threatening condition?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) a life-threatening condition?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious infection that can develop if certain infections or STDs go undiagnosed. PID may induce continuous discomfort.

What foods are bad for fibroids?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What foods are bad for fibroids?

Avoid processed foods, table sugar, corn syrup, junk food (white bread, rice pasta, and flour), soda, and sugary drinks.

What does fibroids’ pain feel like?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What does fibroids’ pain feel like?

Large fibroids may cause discomfort and leave the lower abdomen or pelvis feeling heavy.

What happens if fibroids go untreated?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What happens if fibroids go untreated?

If left untreated, fibroids might get worse with time, and they can continue to grow in both size and number.

Is there a method to get rid of unexplained infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is there a method to get rid of unexplained infertility?

It is good news that fertility treatments can benefit couples with unexplained infertility and even better than couples with a recognized diagnosis. The best news for couples dealing with unexplained infertility is that the condition, as seen in many couples, resolves on its own.

How common is unexplained fertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How common is unexplained fertility?

As per NCBI, approximately 15 per cent to 30 per cent of couples are diagnosed with unexplained infertility after their examination. Fertility experts focus on the routine testing used to diagnose unexplained infertility.

What could be the cause of unexplained infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What could be the cause of unexplained infertility?

Though unexplained infertility is a debatable diagnosis, it is usually caused by low egg or sperm quality and quantity and fallopian tube obstruction that isn’t discovered through normal fertility tests.

What activities should be avoided during IVF stimulation?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What activities should be avoided during IVF stimulation?

High-intensity training should be avoided during IVF stimulation because the ovaries are enlarging and expanding, leading to the risk of ovarian torsion.

How to get pregnant with blocked fallopian tubes?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How to get pregnant with blocked fallopian tubes?

You can get pregnant with blocked fallopian tubes in two ways- through IUI or through in vitro fertilization (IVF). 

What causes blocked fallopian tubes?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What causes blocked fallopian tubes?

There are several causes of blocked fallopian tubes including-

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Sexually transmitted infections 
  • Past abdominal surgery
  • Past ectopic pregnancy

What can you not do before and during IVF treatment?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What can you not do before and during IVF treatment?

It is essential to avoid substance usage like smoking, drinking and taking drugs to improve the success of the IVF treatment.

How to open blocked fallopian tubes?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How to open blocked fallopian tubes?

Laparoscopic surgery is the best way to open blocked fallopian tubes.

Is there any specific fruit to avoid when expecting?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is there any specific fruit to avoid when expecting?

Women should avoid papaya since it contains latex, which can cause premature contractions that are harmful to the baby.

Does stress delay ovulation?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Does stress delay ovulation?

It’s much more difficult for some hormones to be activated and released on time when you’re stressed in the days leading up to ovulation. As a result, your ovulation might be delayed due to stress.

Does overthinking affect the chances of getting pregnant?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Does overthinking affect the chances of getting pregnant?

It is very unlikely that overthinking will have any direct effect on the chances of being pregnant. But, it is always essential to focus on asking for help as and when needed.

Can stress affect egg quality?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Can stress affect egg quality?

Though there aren’t any facts that stress does impact the egg quality, it may lead to some behavioural changes that may cause fertility problems.

Is yoga linked to miscarriage?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is yoga linked to miscarriage?

Yoga does not cause miscarriages, but if you are pregnant and worried that practising yoga would lead you to miscarry, it is advisable to avoid performing yoga.

Can yoga help you get pregnant?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Can yoga help you get pregnant?

No, there isn’t any evidence of a direct relationship between yoga and conception. But, yoga may help those who are attempting to conceive. Yoga reduces stress, which might negatively influence your ability to conceive.

Which yoga poses are the most effective for conceiving?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Which yoga poses are the most effective for conceiving?

Hatha, Iyengar, Yin, and Restorative yoga are mild forms of yoga that are suitable for beginners and can help with conception.

Is passive smoking more harmful than active smoking?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
Is passive smoking more harmful than active smoking?

Second-hand smoking may increase the risk of miscarriages in women, can reduce a baby’s birth weight and increase the risk of respiratory illness in children. There are higher risks of lung cancer and heart diseases.

How long does it take for a couple’s reproductive health to improve if they quit smoking?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
How long does it take for a couple’s reproductive health to improve if they quit smoking?

There isn’t any correct date or time to define the improvement in reproductive health. But it may start to show a positive impact within weeks or months of quitting. The sooner, the better.

What challenges do a couple face with quitting smoking while coping with infertility?

  • Published on December 21, 2021
  • Updated on December 21, 2021
What challenges do a couple face with quitting smoking while coping with infertility?

Infertility can be traumatising and stressful for couples, which may lead to smoking. So, it is necessary to find ways to cope with stress and ask for help as and when needed.

What can I do to increase my chances of becoming pregnant?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
What can I do to increase my chances of becoming pregnant?

Keep a record of the menstrual cycle’s regularity, monitor the ovulation period, increase the frequency of sexual intercourse and maintain healthy body weight.

 

What foods help to improve the quality of eggs?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
What foods help to improve the quality of eggs?

Consume green leafy vegetables, dry fruits and nuts, fruits and whole grains in reasonable quantities. Avoid trans fats, refined carbohydrates, processed foods, and reduce the consumption of too much salt and sugar.

Why should one follow an IVF diet plan?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Why should one follow an IVF diet plan?

A nutritious diet is always vital, but it becomes more important during the IVF process as it is associated with the health of your eggs. Out of many elements that influence the effectiveness of IVF treatment one would be maintaining a healthy lifestyle which helps to improve the odds of fertility and chances of IVF success. A diet plan can assist you in deciding which foods to eat so that you can be sure you are consuming nutrient-dense foods that will help you achieve your fertility goals.

For whom is the Mediterranean diet beneficial?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
For whom is the Mediterranean diet beneficial?

The diet is beneficial for couples who are otherwise healthy and trying to conceive, have been diagnosed with PCOD or endometriosis, have male factor infertility, and couples who are going through IVF treatment.

Does the Mediterranean diet help in IVF treatment?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Does the Mediterranean diet help in IVF treatment?

It appears to affect IVF outcomes by increasing progesterone and estrogen levels, controlling menstrual cycles, and increasing the likelihood of conception.

 

How do I prepare my body for IVF?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
How do I prepare my body for IVF?

It is recommended that you prepare your body by eating a healthy and well-balanced diet, taking prenatal vitamins, maintaining a healthy weight, discontinuing smoking, and consuming alcohol and other drugs.

What foods help in implantation?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
What foods help in implantation?

Foods that are rich in nutrients like zinc (nuts & seeds), omega 3 (avocado, fish, and olive oil), and green veggies help balance estrogen and are rich in fibre content.

Is it okay to skip a morning meal during IVF treatment?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Is it okay to skip a morning meal during IVF treatment?

It is essential to have a good breakfast as it positively impacts women struggling with infertility. An extensive breakfast increases fertility amongst women who suffer from irregular periods.

Does exercise help if we are trying to conceive?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Does exercise help if we are trying to conceive?

Keep yourself active at all times when trying to conceive. Moderate level exercises and improves overall health. Excessive exercise can also affect fertility negatively.

Does physical activity increase fertility?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Does physical activity increase fertility?

Being active and working out can help in improving the ability to get pregnant. Women who do regular, moderate exercise can have a better chance than women who don’t exercise regularly.

What type of exercise improves fertility?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
What type of exercise improves fertility?

It is important to know with what intensity and duration an exercise should be performed to avoid any mishaps with fertility. 

Does exercise affect the reproductive system?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Does exercise affect the reproductive system?

Working out regularly can have a positive effect on your reproductive health and can also help to reduce stress levels.

How can one improve their reproductive rights?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
How can one improve their reproductive rights?

Proper sexual education should be provided at an appropriate age along with knowledge about the use of contraceptive services and also promoting the use of condoms. 

How to maintain good reproductive health?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
How to maintain good reproductive health?

To maintain good reproductive health, it is important to eat a balanced diet that is rich and high in fibre content and low in fat and keep yourself hydrated. For a healthy reproductive system, it is essential to exercise and maintain a healthy weight.

What effect does stress have on female fertility?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
What effect does stress have on female fertility?

The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, which governs the reproductive system, can be turned off by stress. This can cause ovulation to be delayed or absent, as well as irregular or missed periods.

What is social infertility?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
What is social infertility?

Social infertility is when couples are not able to reproduce due to sexual orientation rather than their reproductive system.

Can infertility cause PTSD?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Can infertility cause PTSD?

As the process is really traumatising and stressful, researchers have found that the treatment process can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

How can I make myself more fertile?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
How can I make myself more fertile?

By eating foods rich in antioxidants, like zinc and folate, avoiding trans fats and cutting down on carbs if you have been diagnosed with PCOS may help to improve fertility.

What are health and lifestyle variables that may contribute to infertility?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
What are health and lifestyle variables that may contribute to infertility?

Nutrition, weight, physical and psychological stress, environmental and occupational exposures, and substance and drug use and abuse are some variables that may contribute to infertility.

Can lifestyle affect egg quality?

  • Published on December 16, 2021
  • Updated on December 16, 2021
Can lifestyle affect egg quality?

The quantity and quality of eggs are genetically determined and decrease over time, but the environment in which they grow, like any other cell in the body, can be influenced by lifestyle.

Live Births Per Embryo Transfer

  • Published on June 21, 2021
  • Updated on June 30, 2021
Live Births Per Embryo Transfer

This figure is the percentage of women who deliver one or more healthy babies following an embryo transfer. Multiple births such as twins are also considered a single birth for this measure.

Pregnancies Per Embryo Transfer

  • Published on June 21, 2021
  • Updated on June 30, 2021
Pregnancies Per Embryo Transfer

This figure is the percentage of the number of clinical pregnancies resulting from a single embryo transfer. It does not count women who did not respond to ovulation induction and includes women who may later miscarry.

Live Births Per Started Treatment Cycle

  • Published on June 21, 2021
  • Updated on June 30, 2021
Live Births Per Started Treatment Cycle

This figure is defined as the percentage of live births from a fresh embryo transfer in one treatment cycle. However, this measure does not consider babies born from frozen embryo transfers.

What should I expect after the Embryo Reduction procedure?

  • Published on June 14, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What should I expect after the Embryo Reduction procedure?

You would be kept under observation for about half an hour once the procedure is completed and the fetal heart rate is monitored. You may experience slight spotting and mild cramping for a few hours after the procedure and patients are advised to refrain from strenuous activity and exertion for a few days after the procedure.

How do fertility preservation procedures work?

  • Published on June 03, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
How do fertility preservation procedures work?

These procedures use liquid nitrogen to rapidly freeze the samples (egg, embryo, sperm, testicular tissue or ovarian cortex tissue). The frozen samples are then stored in special vials and stored in liquid nitrogen in a state of suspended animation till they need to be used in fertility treatments.

What type of fertility preservation procedures are available for paediatric cancer patients?

  • Published on June 03, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What type of fertility preservation procedures are available for paediatric cancer patients?

Ovarian cortex freezing and testicular tissue freezing are offered for prepubescent cancer patients. These procedures are experimental however, they have shown promise.

What are the different types of Cancer Fertility Preservation techniques?

  • Published on June 03, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What are the different types of Cancer Fertility Preservation techniques?

Egg freezing, embryo freezing, ovarian cortex freezing, sperm freezing, single sperm cell vitrification and testicular tissue freezing are currently being used for cancer patients based on suitability of the procedure.

Why is fertility preservation recommended before starting cancer treatments?

  • Published on June 03, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
Why is fertility preservation recommended before starting cancer treatments?

Cancer treatments including chemotherapy and radiation therapy as well as certain cancers itself are known to have a severe impact on ovarian function as well as sperm function. Fertility preservation procedures can help the patient use assisted reproductive technology to protect their ability to have children in such situations.

What are the advantages of Laparoscopy?

  • Published on May 28, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
What are the advantages of Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure associated with several benefits including shorter hospital stays, lesser recovery time and lower postoperative pain. It offers a much more detailed video of the reproductive system to diagnose and treat anomaly inside the uterus that may be impacting the ability to become pregnant or carry a pregnancy to term

What is the recovery time for a Laparoscopy?

  • Published on May 28, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
What is the recovery time for a Laparoscopy?

Recovery time may vary depending on the type of laparoscopy done. It is generally a day-care procedure that requires no hospitalisation, however if required, you may be admitted for 24 hours. You can resume daily activities after 2-3 days of rest.

Does a Laparoscopic procedure hurt?

  • Published on May 28, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
Does a Laparoscopic procedure hurt?

Laparoscopy is performed under general anaesthesia and you will not feel any pain during the procedure.

What happens to the sealed varicocele veins?

  • Published on May 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What happens to the sealed varicocele veins?

The varicocele veins that are sealed off during surgery remain inside the scrotum. They do not receive any blood flow and are disconnected from the rest of your body.

What should I do before Advanced Semen Analysis?

  • Published on May 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What should I do before Advanced Semen Analysis?

You will be required to abstain from intercourse and masturbation for nearly 3-5 days. You should not drink alcohol or smoke before the test.

How long will it take for Advanced Semen Analysis to complete?

  • Published on May 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
How long will it take for Advanced Semen Analysis to complete?

The test takes approximately 2-3 hours to complete.

When is Advanced Semen Analysis recommended?

  • Published on May 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
When is Advanced Semen Analysis recommended?

Anyone can come to assess the semen sample to check their fertility status.

What should I ask my genetic counsellor?

  • Published on May 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What should I ask my genetic counsellor?

A genetic panel is available to attend to all your doubts regarding fertility and genomics. You should ask your specialists about the extent of risk to your child, treatment options, advantages and risks associated with different types of treatments.

Which tests do genetic counsellors do?

  • Published on May 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
Which tests do genetic counsellors do?

Genetic counsellors indicate a variety of tests based on the health and condition of the patient. Some of the most common testings include – prenatal screenings, genetic screenings such as PGS, PGD and routine diagnostics.

How should I prepare for a consultation with the Genetic Panel?

  • Published on May 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
How should I prepare for a consultation with the Genetic Panel?

Before going for your appointment with a genetic counsellor, you can collect useful information to discuss with the specialist. You should talk with your family members about the history of the disease. Make sure to know the exact time of the onset and medical name of the condition.

What can cause infertility in women?

  • Published on May 26, 2021
  • Updated on June 15, 2021
What can cause infertility in women?

Female infertility can be the result of advanced maternal age (over the age of 35), ovulation disorders that affect the normal release of eggs from the ovaries, uterine or cervical abnormalities, fallopian tube blockage or damage, endometriosis, premature menopause, pelvic adhesion as well as certain types of cancer and cancer treatment.

What are the common causes of infertility in men?

  • Published on May 26, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
What are the common causes of infertility in men?

Common causes of male fertility include genetic defects, health problems (such as diabetes or STIs), varicoceles (enlarged veins in the testicles), sexual disorders (erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation), overexposure to certain environmental factors such as radiation or chemicals, cigarette smoking, alcohol, certain medications, frequent exposure to heat as well as cancer or cancer treatment.

Which documents should I carry for my treatment?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on May 25, 2021
Which documents should I carry for my treatment?

We recommend that you carry the following documents for your treatment with us:

  • Original passport for identity verification
  • Passport sized photographs
  • Medical records (if available)

What is the Indian Country Code?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on May 25, 2021
What is the Indian Country Code?

+91 is the Indian country code if you are dialling from overseas.

What if I don’t have previous medical records?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on May 25, 2021
What if I don’t have previous medical records?

If you do not have your medical records or have not undergone any previous diagnostic scans, our doctors will recommend certain preliminary investigations based on which the next steps can be decided.

How can I share my medical records?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on May 25, 2021
How can I share my medical records?

You can share your medical records with our fertility experts through online platforms or courier services as per your convenience.

What are the side-effects of Laparoscopy?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What are the side-effects of Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopic surgery is a safe procedure. The fertility experts at Birla Fertility & IVF are efficient in offering a low-risk laparoscopy with less pain, less scarring and a swift recovery. Nonetheless, there are slight complications associated with these procedures. Common risks of laparoscopic surgery are bleeding, allergic reaction to anaesthesia, infection at the surgical site and more.

What should I avoid before a Laparoscopy?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What should I avoid before a Laparoscopy?

You should avoid eating or drinking anything after midnight the day before surgery. You should completely avoid alcohol consumption and smoking prior to laparoscopy. Your healthcare provider will offer guidelines regarding medications.

How long does it take to recover from Laparoscopic surgery?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
How long does it take to recover from Laparoscopic surgery?

The recovery period of laparoscopy is unique for each patient. The time taken to recover depends upon the type and purpose of laparoscopy. Factors such as the patient’s age and overall health also contribute to how the postoperative health will look like.

Can smoking cause infertility in men?

  • Published on May 25, 2021
  • Updated on May 26, 2021
Can smoking cause infertility in men?

Smoking and consumption of other forms of tobacco is known to cause fertility problems in both men and women. Smoking can result in lower sperm count and poor sperm motility.

What causes infertility?

  • Published on April 28, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What causes infertility?

For women, infertility can be caused by advanced age, ovulation disorders, scarring from surgery, underlying medical conditions and treatments as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking.
For men, poor quality semen is the most common cause of infertility. Issues with semen quality can be the result of damage or injury to the testicles, genetic conditions, vasectomy, ejaculation disorders as well as certain medications and treatments such as chemotherapy.

Are there any risks involved in Hormone Assay?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
Are there any risks involved in Hormone Assay?

There is a slight risk of infection from the needle. However, ensure that you visit a reputed and licensed clinic which uses new and disposable needles for their blood tests to eliminate this risk.

How do I prepare for Hormone Assay?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
How do I prepare for Hormone Assay?

Hormone assay is a simple blood test and does not require any preparation. However, you may have to come for the test at a specific time in your menstrual cycle for more accurate results. This test is generally performed in conjunction with ultrasound scans for a clear picture of the ovarian reserve.

What is FSH?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What is FSH?

Follicle-stimulating hormone or FSH is a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. FSH works in combination with LH (luteinizing hormone) to control the menstrual cycle and sexual function in women. Too high or too low levels of this hormone can cause infertility issues.

At what age does egg quality start deteriorating?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
At what age does egg quality start deteriorating?

Studies show that the number of healthy viable eggs in a woman’s ovaries reduces gradually with age. However, there is a sharp decline in both quality and quantity of eggs after the age of 35 years.

What are the different types of surgical sperm retrieval procedures?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the different types of surgical sperm retrieval procedures?

Surgical sperm retrieval procedures include testicular sperm aspiration (TESA), percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA), testicular sperm extraction (TESA) and micro TESE.

What are the benefits of Testicular Tissue Biopsy?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
What are the benefits of Testicular Tissue Biopsy?

Testicular tissue biopsy offers valuable insight into the rate of sperm development, presence of obstructions and abnormal growth. It helps identify if the cause of infertility is any obstruction in the tubes that transfer sperm into the seminal fluid or due to problems in sperm production.

Can sperm which is retrieved through surgical sperm retrieval procedures used in IVF?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Can sperm which is retrieved through surgical sperm retrieval procedures used in IVF?

IVF is not recommended after surgical sperm retrieval as these procedures do not produce adequate amount of sperm for the procedure. Sperm harvested through these procedures is used in IVF-ICSI treatments where the sperm is directly injected into the centre of the egg to aid fertilisation.

Will Testicular Tissue Biopsy cause pain?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
Will Testicular Tissue Biopsy cause pain?

The testicular tissue biopsy process is done under anaesthesia and you will not be able to feel any pain during the procedure.

Are there any risks of using sperm retrieved surgically?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Are there any risks of using sperm retrieved surgically?

There is no evidence which suggests lowered chances of conception with the use of surgically retrieved sperm or an increased risk of congenital issues in children conceived with the retrieved sperm either.

What causes azoospermia?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What causes azoospermia?

Azoospermia or absence of sperm in semen can be caused by genetic issues like congenital absence of the vas deferens. It can also be the result of infections including sexually transmitted infections and certain medical treatments like cancer treatments.

How long will it take to recover from PESA?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
How long will it take to recover from PESA?

PESA is a minimally invasive procedure that requires no hospitalisation. Patients can get back to their normal routine within 24 hours of the procedure.

Is PESA painful?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Is PESA painful?

PESA is performed under local anaesthesia. The scrotum is numbed before the needle aspiration is done, and the patient will not experience any pain during the procedure.

Can PESA be used for conventional IVF?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Can PESA be used for conventional IVF?

The number of viable sperm present in the fluid aspirated from the epididymis is generally too low for conventional IVF treatments and ICSI is recommended when sperm is retrieved surgically.

What should I expect after the procedure?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What should I expect after the procedure?

You would be kept under observation for about half an hour once the procedure is completed and fetal heart rate is monitored. You may experience slight spotting and mild cramping for a few hours after the procedure and patients are advised to refrain from strenuous activity and exertion for a few days after the procedure.

What are the risks of a multiple pregnancy?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What are the risks of a multiple pregnancy?

Multiple pregnancies like twins, triplets, quadruplets etc are considered to be high risk and increase the likelihood of pregnancy complications including premature birth, miscarriages, preeclampsia, low birth rate and stillbirth.

When is Embryo Reduction done?

  • Published on April 27, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
When is Embryo Reduction done?

Embryo reduction is generally done between 11 weeks to 13 weeks of the pregnancy.

Which is better, IUI or IVF?

  • Published on April 26, 2021
  • Updated on April 26, 2021
Which is better, IUI or IVF?

There are several factors that can affect the success of fertility treatments like age of the female partner, cause of infertility and duration of infertility. Depending on these factors, the suitability, and chances of success of both IUI and IVF will vary from couple to couple.

Can IUI help in Unexplained Infertility?

  • Published on April 26, 2021
  • Updated on July 01, 2021
Can IUI help in Unexplained Infertility?

IUI with ovarian stimulation is the preferred first line of treatment for unexplained infertility, especially for couples where the age of the female partner is below 35 years. In case pregnancy is not achieved even after 3 cycles of stimulated IUI, IVF with or without ICSI is recommended.

Can I become pregnant with Unexplained Infertility?

  • Published on April 26, 2021
  • Updated on July 01, 2021
Can I become pregnant with Unexplained Infertility?

Couples with unexplained infertility can become pregnant successfully with the help of stimulated IUI cycles as well as IVF treatments. Sometimes, couples may also become pregnant without any treatment. However, as the ability to conceive can reduce with increasing maternal age (especially over the age of 35 years), consult a fertility specialist if you have not been able to conceive with regular timed intercourse.

How can you prevent infertility?

  • Published on April 26, 2021
  • Updated on April 26, 2021
How can you prevent infertility?

While some causes of infertility cannot be prevented (like congenital abnormalities), certain steps can help optimize fertility. These include maintaining healthy body weight, not smoking, or drinking alcohol, reducing stress and limiting caffeine intake.

What is IUI?

  • Published on April 26, 2021
  • Updated on June 30, 2021
What is IUI?

IUI or intrauterine insemination is an ART procedure that involves placing specially prepared sperm directly into the uterus during ovulation. In some cases, hormone therapy is used to complement IUI treatment.

How long should couples try to get pregnant before seeing a doctor?

  • Published on April 26, 2021
  • Updated on June 15, 2021
How long should couples try to get pregnant before seeing a doctor?

Medical experts recommend trying to conceive for atleast one year before a fertility consultation for women younger than 35 years of age. For women over the age of 35 years, fertility consultation is recommended if pregnancy does not occur after 6 months of trying. In case of any health problems that indicate infertility like irregular periods or endometriosis, it is advisable to seek help before trying to become pregnant.

How to boost Male Fertility?

  • Published on April 22, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
How to boost Male Fertility?

Following a balanced diet, maintaining healthy body weight and avoiding unhealthy habits like smoking tobacco and consuming excess alcohol can have a positive impact on male fertility and sexual function.

What are the risk factors of Male Infertility?

  • Published on April 22, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What are the risk factors of Male Infertility?

Risk factors of male infertility include smoking tobacco, alcohol abuse, obesity, overheating of testicles, history of trauma to the testicles, congenital fertility disorders, prior vasectomy, certain medical conditions like sickle cell disease and specific treatments such as cancer treatments.

What are the different methods for sperm retrieval?

  • Published on April 22, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What are the different methods for sperm retrieval?

There are various surgical and non-surgical methods to retrieve sperm – TESA (Testicular Sperm Aspiration), PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration), MicroTESE(Microsurgical Testicular Sperm Extraction) and electroejaculation.

What are the symptoms of infertility in women?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on April 27, 2021
What are the symptoms of infertility in women?

Irregular or absent periods are the most common indicator of fertility issues in women. History of ovulation disorders like endometriosis and PCOS also increase the risk of female factor infertility.

When should I go for my first fertility consultation?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on April 27, 2021
When should I go for my first fertility consultation?

Women younger than 35 years of age with no obvious cause of infertility are advised to try conceiving naturally for a period of 12 months before seeking help. For women over 35 years the recommended period of trying is 6 months.
In case of any known fertility issue in either the male or female partner as well as a history of undergoing medical treatments which are known to impair fertility, seeking immediate medical help is advised to improve the chances of pregnancy.

Will I undergo any tests in my first fertility consultation?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
Will I undergo any tests in my first fertility consultation?

No, patients do not undergo any diagnostic tests during their first fertility consultation. The first visit largely involves reviewing the medical history of the male and female partner as well as understanding their fertility goals. Ovarian reserve test is recommended for women and semen analysis is recommended for men. In case these tests have already been done, the results of these investigations are also discussed in the first visit.

What is done if Electroejaculation is not effective for collecting sperm in fertility treatments?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What is done if Electroejaculation is not effective for collecting sperm in fertility treatments?

If electroejaculation is not effective for collecting adequate amount of sperm for treatments like IUI, IVF or IVF-ICSI, surgical sperm retrieval procedures like TESA, PESA, TESE and micro-TESE are recommended. These surgical sperm retrieval procedures are known to be very effective for harvesting sperm from male patients with mild to severe male factor infertility.

What can I expect after the procedure?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What can I expect after the procedure?

Patients can expect slight discomfort in the penis, testicles, or rectum for a few days after the procedure. This is generally managed with over-the-counter painkillers. A course of antibiotics may be prescribed to minimise the risk of infection.

Does Electroejaculation process hurt?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
Does Electroejaculation process hurt?

The patient is given general anaesthesia during the procedure and will not feel any pain

What are common male sexual disorders?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are common male sexual disorders?

Common male sexual disorders include premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, and retrograde ejaculation.

How many chromosomes are present in an embryo?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
How many chromosomes are present in an embryo?

A healthy embryo has 22 pairs of chromosomes and 2 sex (gender) chromosomes. Incorrect number of chromosomes or chromosome aneuploidy is known to be a major cause of IVF failures and miscarriages. In rare cases, if the pregnancy is carried to term, it can lead to congenital issues in the child.

What are the benefits of PGS?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
What are the benefits of PGS?

In certain situations, PGS can help in reducing the risk of implantation failure as well as risk of miscarriages as it allows the selection of the healthiest embryos for transfer. It also increases the chance of having a healthy baby and enables better diagnostic decisions.

What are the risks of PGS?

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
What are the risks of PGS?

PGS involves collecting cells from the embryo. This can damage or destroy the embryo. However, advances in the field of assisted reproductive technology and embryology have significantly improved survival rates for embryos through PGS. In some cases, all embryos may be found with chromosomal issues resulting in a cancelled IVF cycle.

Why is PGS recommended for older women

  • Published on April 20, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
Why is PGS recommended for older women

The risk of having chromosomal abnormalities in eggs and embryos increases steeply after the age of 35 years in women. This increases the risk of implantation failures, miscarriages as well as congenital abnormalities in the baby. PGS can help in lowering these risks.

Can testicular wedge biopsy damage the testis?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
Can testicular wedge biopsy damage the testis?

The procedure to extract testicular tissue or the testicular wedge biopsy does not impact the normal growth of the testicles.

What are the success rates of Testicular Tissue Freezing?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
What are the success rates of Testicular Tissue Freezing?

As testicular tissue freezing is a recent development in the field of fertility preservation, there is a need for further research to help predict outcomes, however it has shown promising results and is the only option for patients who are too young to produce sperm.

What is cryopreservation?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
What is cryopreservation?

Cryopreservation is the process to preserve human tissue using liquid nitrogen (flash freezing). At such low temperatures (-196°C), the cells are in a state of suspended animation where all metabolic activities stop. Use of cryoprotectant has made this process safer for the samples and has significantly increased the survival rate of the sample in the thawing process.

Can stored testicular tissue contain cancer cells?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
Can stored testicular tissue contain cancer cells?

Some types of cancer such as leukaemia has a higher risk of cell contamination. The tissue samples are screened for cancer cells prior to storage. It is also screened thoroughly by the most advanced techniques to detect the presence of micro-metastatic cancer cells when the patient wishes to use it for his fertility treatments.

What are the risks of Laser Assisted Hatching?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
What are the risks of Laser Assisted Hatching?

There is a very low risk of damage to the embryos. However, advances in LASER technology have made the risk of these complications almost negligible.

Is Laser Assisted Hatching suitable for everyone?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
Is Laser Assisted Hatching suitable for everyone?

Laser assisted hatching is generally recommended for women older than the age of 37 years or if the couple are unable to conceive through conventional IVF therapy.

Can Laser Assisted Hatching be done for frozen embryos?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
Can Laser Assisted Hatching be done for frozen embryos?

Laser assisted hatching is recommended for couples opting for a frozen embryo transfer as studies indicate frozen or thawed embryos have a harder zona pellucida making it tougher for them to hatch.

When is Laser Assisted Hatching done in IVF?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
When is Laser Assisted Hatching done in IVF?

Laser assisted hatching is done three days after fertilisation. After this procedure, the embryo can be cultured till the blastocyst stage or transferred into the uterus to attempt a pregnancy.

What kind of fertility problems can ultrasounds detect?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
What kind of fertility problems can ultrasounds detect?

Ultrasound scans are used to identify issues like t-shaped uterus, damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, adhesions, polyps, and fibroids. In some cases, surgical interventions like hysteroscopy and laparoscopy can help in treating these issues.

Are ultrasound scans done in an IVF cycle?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
Are ultrasound scans done in an IVF cycle?

Ultrasound scans are important for monitoring follicle development and response to fertility medications during ovarian stimulation. A transvaginal scan is performed before undergoing ovarian stimulation to assess the patient’s ovarian reserve and design a suitable protocol for ovarian stimulation.

Can ultrasound scans harm my pregnancy?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
Can ultrasound scans harm my pregnancy?

Unlike X-ray based investigations, ultrasounds use sonic waves. They are known to be safe even during pregnancy and are an essential part of prenatal care.

Will transvaginal ultrasound cause pain?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
Will transvaginal ultrasound cause pain?

Transvaginal ultrasound scans are painless, minimally invasive procedures; although, some women do experience discomfort.

Can I get pregnant with blocked fallopian tubes?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
Can I get pregnant with blocked fallopian tubes?

Pregnancy with blocked fallopian tubes depends on the severity of the blockage. In some cases, surgical intervention can help correct these issues. ART procedures like IVF have helped women with tubal infertility conceive successfully.

How can I prevent my fallopian tubes from getting blocked?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How can I prevent my fallopian tubes from getting blocked?

While there is no way to eliminate the risk of blockages in the fallopian tube, its impact can be minimised if it is detected early and treated accordingly.

What causes blockages in the fallopian tubes?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
What causes blockages in the fallopian tubes?

Fallopian tube blockage is often the result of inflammation of the fallopian tubes. This can be caused by sexually transmitted infections, endometriosis and surgery in the pelvic region among other conditions.

What are symptoms of blocked fallopian tubes?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
What are symptoms of blocked fallopian tubes?

In many cases, patients with obstructions in their fallopian tubes may experience no symptoms or may confuse their symptoms for something else. Regular gynaecological check-ups can help with early detection and timely intervention which can mitigate the long-term impact of tubal problems on fertility.

What is the difference between a Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What is the difference between a Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy?

Laparoscopy is performed under general anaesthetic and is used for a detailed inspection of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tube. It is a keyhole procedure where the laparoscope is inserted through a small cut. Hysteroscopy does not require any incisions; however, it is done to look only inside the uterus. Hysteroscopy is often done in tandem with laparoscopy.

What are the advantages of Hysteroscopy?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
What are the advantages of Hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy has several benefits such as shorter hospital stays, lesser recovery time and lower post-operative pain. It also helps in diagnosing any anomaly inside the uterus that may be impacting the ability to become pregnant or carry a pregnancy to term.

What are the risks of Hysteroscopy Procedures?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
What are the risks of Hysteroscopy Procedures?

Hysteroscopy is a safe procedure. In extremely rare cases, bleeding, infection, intrauterine scarring, or injury to the cervix, uterus, bowel, and bladder can occur.

Do Hysteroscopy surgeries hurt?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
Do Hysteroscopy surgeries hurt?

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed under local anaesthesia. It can cause some mild discomfort during the procedure, like what you may experience during a pap smear.

What is the difference between TESA and TESE?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What is the difference between TESA and TESE?

TESE is a slightly more invasive retrieval technique when compared to TESA. It involves extracting testicular tissue samples which are then studied for the presence of sperm. In TESA, the sperm is directly aspirated from the testicles using a fine needle. Both procedures are out-patient procedures and require no hospitalisation.

Are there any side effects of TESA?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Are there any side effects of TESA?

TESA is a minimally invasive and safe procedure. In extremely rare cases, side-effects like infection, nausea and bleeding can develop.

How long does the procedure last?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
How long does the procedure last?

TESA is a quick procedure and can be completed within 15-20 minutes. It requires no hospitalization.

Is TESA painful?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Is TESA painful?

TESA is a relatively painless process. While performing TESA, the patient is given local anaesthesia to numb the testicular region. It may cause slight discomfort after the procedure.

What are the risks of PGD?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
What are the risks of PGD?

PGD involves collecting cells from the embryo. This can damage or destroy the embryo. However, advances in the field of assisted reproductive technology and embryology have significantly improved survival rates for embryos through PGD. In rare cases, PGD may be unsuccessful in detecting the issue or give incorrect results.

Can babies born after PGD have any health or developmental problems?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
Can babies born after PGD have any health or developmental problems?

There is no evidence that suggests babies born after PGD are at the risk of having congenital problems or developmental issues.

Can PGD help in identifying the gender of the embryo?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
Can PGD help in identifying the gender of the embryo?

Gender determination is illegal in India and not done with PGD.

What diseases can PGD detect?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
What diseases can PGD detect?

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis can detect the risk of approximately 600 genetic diseases including thalassaemia, sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, certain inherited cancers, Huntingdon’s disease, muscular dystrophies, and fragile-X. These tests have to be designed specially for each couple.

How are egg donors screened?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 26, 2021
How are egg donors screened?

ICMR guidelines state egg donors must be between the ages of 21 years – 35 years, with no history of genetic disorders. They are screened for viral markers like HIV and Hepatitis. Ovarian reserve testing is done to ascertain the quality of eggs in the donor.

What is the difference between a fresh Donor Egg and a frozen Donor Egg?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What is the difference between a fresh Donor Egg and a frozen Donor Egg?

In a treatment cycle with “fresh” donor eggs, the patient (recipient) also undergoes hormone therapy alongside the donor to prepare the uterus for the embryo transfer process. If frozen donor eggs are used, the transfer is done when the patient’s uterine environment is optimal. Hormone based medications can be recommended if required.

What should I look for in an egg donor?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 03, 2021
What should I look for in an egg donor?

Patients can specify physical characteristics like height which they desire in the donor as well as the blood type. The identity of the donor is kept strictly confidential as per government guidelines.

Where can I find Donor Eggs?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
Where can I find Donor Eggs?

As per guidelines set by the Indian Council of Medical Research, Egg donors are sourced from licensed government agencies where they undergo stringent screening to ensure the quality of harvested eggs while safeguarding the health of the donors.

What are the risks of Sperm Freezing?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What are the risks of Sperm Freezing?

There is a small risk of the sperm not surviving the freezing and thawing process. However, advancements in cryopreservation technology and use of antifreeze agents have significantly reduced this risk.

What if the semen sample has no sperm count?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
What if the semen sample has no sperm count?

If the preliminary assessment of the sperm sample indicates absence of sperm (azoospermia), surgical extraction of sperm can be recommended to obtain sperm for freezing or fertility treatments

How is sperm frozen?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How is sperm frozen?

The sample is frozen using liquid nitrogen which is at a temperature of -196°C. Successful cryopreservation involves draining cell water and replacing it with cryoprotectant or antifreeze agents. This is done through simple osmosis. Once frozen, the sperm cells are in suspended animation where all metabolic activity is effectively stopped, enabling it to be stored as long as this temperature is maintained.

How long can sperm be frozen for?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How long can sperm be frozen for?

Frozen sperm can be stored in a state of suspended animation indefinitely. Regulatory bodies have defined a maximum storage period of 10 years which is extended indefinitely for patients with medical conditions like cancer that can impair their fertility.

Can varicoceles be repaired without surgery?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 03, 2021
Can varicoceles be repaired without surgery?

Non-surgical treatment for varicoceles is called embolization, however, this procedure isn’t as widely used as surgery.

What are the side-effects of Varicocele Repair?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What are the side-effects of Varicocele Repair?

Treatments for varicoceles present relatively few risks like developing a hydrocele (build-up of fluid around the testicle), recurrence of varicoceles, infection, and damage to an artery. Minimally invasive techniques like microsurgical varicocelectomy are aimed at minimising the risk of such complications while improving treatment outcomes.

What is the recovery time after Varicocele Repair?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What is the recovery time after Varicocele Repair?

Complete recovery typically takes between 2-3 weeks, but you can return to a sedentary job in 1-3 days.

Is Varicocele Repair painful?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
Is Varicocele Repair painful?

Subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy is performed under general anaesthesia and you should feel anything during the procedure.

Does IVF hurt?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
Does IVF hurt?

Many women worry if IVF treatments hurt. None of the IVF procedures are painful however, they might cause a little discomfort. During the egg retrieval process, the patient will be sedated and will not experience any pain.

Can I get an STD from a Donor Sperm?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
Can I get an STD from a Donor Sperm?

All donors are asked for their extensive medical history including any genetic or underlying condition that they might be suffering from. The collected samples are further screened for a range of illnesses including HIV, HPV as well as for any genetic anomalies. The sample is then quarantined and frozen for 6 months before being thawed and reanalysed before use. This process helps in eliminating the risk of any infection from donor sperm.

Where can I find Donor Sperm?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
Where can I find Donor Sperm?

As per guidelines set by the Indian Council of Medical Research, IVF centres cannot establish independent sperm banks. IVF clinics in India partner with reputed and licensed sperm banks which screen and store sperm.

What will happen to my frozen embryos if I have to move?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 03, 2021
What will happen to my frozen embryos if I have to move?

If you wish to transfer your frozen embryos to another clinic or city, both you and your partner will be required to give your informed consent by filling the relevant forms. These will be explained to you in further detail by your fertility care team.

Can freezing damage the embryos?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
Can freezing damage the embryos?

Advances in cryopreservation (freezing) technology and use of cryoprotectants have significantly improved survival rates of embryos being frozen. As survival of the embryo through the freezing and thawing process significantly depends on its quality, only good quality embryos are selected for this process.

How successful is IVF with frozen embryos?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How successful is IVF with frozen embryos?

Frozen embryo transfers have been proven to be as effective as fresh embryo transfers to become pregnant.

How long can embryos be frozen?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How long can embryos be frozen?

Medical guidelines state that embryos can be frozen for 10 years. However, this can be extended for up to 55 years in special circumstances.

Can I get cancer again after my ovarian tissue is grafted back into my body?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 26, 2021
Can I get cancer again after my ovarian tissue is grafted back into my body?

While there is a need for further research in this field, there are no documented cases around the world where cancer was reintroduced into the body when transplanting ovarian tissue. This procedure is not recommended for certain cancers like leukaemia as the risk of reintroducing cancer is much higher.

What is the success rate of Ovarian Cortex Freezing?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What is the success rate of Ovarian Cortex Freezing?

Ovarian cortex freezing is an experimental procedure that has shown promising results. However, research is still limited as a significant number of patients who have undergone this procedure are yet to have their tissue reimplanted for medical or personal reasons.

Will ovarian tissue freezing cause delay in my cancer treatment?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 26, 2021
Will ovarian tissue freezing cause delay in my cancer treatment?

The process of harvesting and transplanting ovarian cortex is done in conjunction with the patient’s cancer treatment. It is suitable when there are time constraints because of the cancer treatment which makes conventional egg or embryo freezing unviable. Frozen ovarian tissue can be thawed and grafted back into the pelvis after completing chemotherapy.

When are egg and embryo freezing not possible?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 03, 2021
When are egg and embryo freezing not possible?

Egg freezing and embryo freezing are established fertility preservation treatments. However, in some situations like fertility preservation for pre-pubescent girls (who have not yet started ovulating) or for women who cannot delay their cancer treatment, these techniques are not possible. In such situation, ovarian cortex freezing is recommended.

What are the risks of Micro-TESE?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the risks of Micro-TESE?

Risks associated with micro TESE include bleeding, infection, and discomfort after the procedure. In extremely rare cases, testicular damage may occur.

Is Micro-TESE painful?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Is Micro-TESE painful?

The procedure is done under general anaesthesia and the patient will not feel any pain during the procedure. However, some men may experience slight discomfort in the scrotal region after the procedure.

Is hospitalisation required for Micro-TESE?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Is hospitalisation required for Micro-TESE?

Micro TESE is a day care procedure that requires no hospitalisation. It does involve the use of general anaesthesia and patients are advised against physical exertion or operation of heavy machinery (including vehicles) for about 24 hours as its effects may take time to wear off.

Can Micro-TESE be used for conventional IVF?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on September 21, 2021
Can Micro-TESE be used for conventional IVF?

The number of viable sperm retrieved through any surgical sperm retrieval procedure including Micro TESE is generally inadequate for conventional IVF treatments and ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is recommended to improve chances of fertilisation.

What can I do if Egg or Embryo Freezing is not possible?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
What can I do if Egg or Embryo Freezing is not possible?

In some situations, egg or embryo freezing may not be viable like for women who cannot delay their treatments till the end of the ovarian stimulation protocol. In such cases, ovarian cortex freezing is recommended. It is an experimental procedure that has shown promising results around the world.

Is the process of Egg Freezing painful?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
Is the process of Egg Freezing painful?

Most procedures involved in egg freezing are painless and during the egg retrieval process, you will be given general anaesthesia and will not be able to feel any pain during the procedure.

How long can I freeze my eggs?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How long can I freeze my eggs?

For social egg freezing, guidelines state that maximum time for storage of frozen eggs is 10 years. For cancer fertility preservation, the stipulated duration is extended till use.

Should I get my eggs frozen if I have ovarian cancer or breast cancer?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on July 02, 2021
Should I get my eggs frozen if I have ovarian cancer or breast cancer?

Egg freezing is recommended for women who need to undergo cancer treatments. It is also helpful in situations where there is a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer or breast cancer especially if there is a family history of the same, considering egg freezing is recommended

How are eggs frozen?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How are eggs frozen?

The vitrification process involves dehydrating harvested eggs and replacing the fluid inside the egg with a special antifreeze agent or cryoprotectant to prevent the formation of ice crystals within the egg during the freezing process. Liquid nitrogen (-196°C) is used to flash freeze the egg. At this temperature, all metabolic activity is stopped, and the egg can be stored indefinitely in this suspended animation state.

How long will it take to freeze my eggs?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
How long will it take to freeze my eggs?

The whole cycle will take around 15 days and consists of a course of approximately 15 injections (the exact number may vary based on your ovarian reserve and response to the fertility medication.

When should I freeze my eggs?

  • Published on April 18, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
When should I freeze my eggs?

Egg quality is said to deteriorate exponentially after a woman reaches a certain age (generally over the age of 35). In cases of advanced maternal age, apart from difficulty in natural conception, there is also a higher risk of the baby being born with congenital defects such as Down Syndrome. Women are advised to explore the option of egg freezing in their 20s or early 30s.

Are recurrent miscarriages considered infertility?

  • Published on March 16, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
Are recurrent miscarriages considered infertility?

Female infertility is a complex condition. The inability to carry a pregnancy to term a sign of infertility. The cause of recurrent miscarriages can be diagnosed with basic and advanced imaging tests. It can be treated with ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) techniques such as Blastocyst-IVF and surrogacy.

What is the success rate for IVF?

  • Published on March 16, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What is the success rate for IVF?

The IVF success rates depends on several factors such as maternal age, cause of infertility and the patient’s reproductive health. The preliminary examination of both partners can give a clearer picture of which fertility treatment would be most effective and have the greatest chance of success for the patient. Blastocyst-IVF has been shown to have promising results, especially for patients who have had multiple IVF failures.

What are the common causes of infertility in women?

  • Published on March 16, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
What are the common causes of infertility in women?

Women may face issues with infertility due to several factors such as lifestyle, underlying conditions, genetic factors, surgeries, scarring and trauma.

Does PCOS affect a woman’s fertility?

  • Published on March 16, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
Does PCOS affect a woman’s fertility?

Conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome can make it tougher for women to become pregnant. However, fertility enhancing treatments can help women conceive despite these complications.

What are the causes of Male Infertility?

  • Published on March 16, 2021
  • Updated on June 23, 2021
What are the causes of Male Infertility?

Male infertility can be the result of either one or a combination of several factors including genetic factors, lifestyle factors such as smoking and trauma.

When should I opt for IVF?

  • Published on March 16, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
When should I opt for IVF?

Couples unable to conceive even after timed intercourse (coinciding with ovulation) and hormonal therapy can consider IVF, especially if IUI (intrauterine insemination) proved unsuccessful.

What are the signs and symptoms of ovulation?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the signs and symptoms of ovulation?

Common signs of ovulation are cramps, bloating, white-coloured and stretchy-textured cervical mucus, changes in basal body temperature and tender breasts.

What are the risk factors of infertility in women?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on April 18, 2021
What are the risk factors of infertility in women?

Certain factors can increase the risk of infertility in women. These include advanced maternal age, smoking, obesity, overconsumption of alcohol and history of sexually transmitted infections.

How can you optimise fertility?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on July 12, 2021
How can you optimise fertility?

For women trying to become pregnant, the following tips can help improve the chances of conception:

> Maintaining a healthy body weight

> Quit smoking

> Limit alcohol

> Limit caffeine intake

What are the side effects of Ovulation Induction?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What are the side effects of Ovulation Induction?

The medications used for ovulation induction can cause side effects like bloating, nausea, headaches, and hot flashes.

What are the risks of Ovulation Induction?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What are the risks of Ovulation Induction?

Multiple pregnancy is the most significant risk of ovulation induction treatments. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is an extremely rare complication that can occur due to overstimulation of the ovaries by the medications. Both these risks can be reduced with careful monitoring. Other risks of ovulation induction include developing ovarian cysts, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy and ovarian cancer.

Does the duration of embryo storage impact success rate?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Does the duration of embryo storage impact success rate?

Successful transfers do not depend on the duration for which the embryos were stored. Frozen embryos are stored at -200°C in suspended animation and will not deteriorate with time if the temperature is maintained.

When are embryos frozen?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
When are embryos frozen?

Embryos are frozen on day 2 (cleavage state) or day 5 (blastocyst stage) of their culture.

What are the success rates for Frozen Embryo Transfer?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the success rates for Frozen Embryo Transfer?

Success rates of Frozen Embryo Transfer cycles have increased due to advancement in freezing techniques and equal those of fresh embryo transfers. The treatment outcome also largely depends on factors such as maternal age and cause of infertility.

What are the risks associated with Frozen Embryo Transfer?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on April 20, 2021
What are the risks associated with Frozen Embryo Transfer?

Not all embryos survive the freezing and thawing process. The risk of damage of destruction of embryos during the treatment depends on the quality of the embryo prior to being frozen.

What is the full form of FET?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What is the full form of FET?

FET is the acronym of Frozen Embryo Transfer. It is the process of thawing embryos and transferring them into the uterus.

What is infertility?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on July 01, 2021
What is infertility?

According to the World Health Organisation, Infertility is a “disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse”.

What is the full form of ART?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What is the full form of ART?

ART stands for Assisted Reproductive Technology. It includes procedures such as IUI and IVF.

What are the benefits of IVF?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the benefits of IVF?

IVF is one of the preferred forms of ART (artificial reproductive technology) especially for specific causes of infertility. In the IVF procedure, the healthiest sperm and egg are chosen for fertilisation, post which the healthiest embryo is selected for implantation, thus increasing your chance of having a healthy baby.

Are there any risks of IVF?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
Are there any risks of IVF?

Before starting on IVF treatment, it is important to know the risks that might appear. Some of the risks of IVF could be side effects from the fertility medications, multiple pregnancies, ectopic pregnancies and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

What is the success rate of IVF the first time?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What is the success rate of IVF the first time?

The success rate of IVF depends on many factors such as maternal age, cause of infertility, sperm, and egg health amongst others. Some couples might become pregnant right after the first IVF cycle while others might take several cycles. In some cases, couples might also be able to conceive naturally after their IVF cycle.

How many injections are needed in an IVF cycle?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
How many injections are needed in an IVF cycle?

Many patients wonder how many fertility medication injections will be needed during the IVF cycle. There is no definite number. The frequency and dosage of medications depend entirely on the IVF plan specific to your age, reproductive health, and the health of your ovaries. This can range from 10-12 days of injections during the IVF cycle.

What is the full form of IVF?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What is the full form of IVF?

IVF is the acronym for In vitro fertilisation. It is the process of fertilisation of an egg with sperm outside the body in a carefully controlled environment and then transferring the embryo (fertilised egg) into the uterus of the gestational carrier (female partner or surrogate).

What should be avoided after IUI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What should be avoided after IUI?

Some lifestyle changes are recommended after IUI. Do not smoke or consume alcohol and limit your intake of caffeine.

Is Intrauterine Insemination a painful process?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
Is Intrauterine Insemination a painful process?

IUI is not an extremely painful process. Some amount of discomfort might be felt during this process.

When is the best time to have IUI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
When is the best time to have IUI?

Intrauterine insemination is done near the time of ovulation. The washed sperm is placed into the uterus when the ovary releases an egg for the process of fertilisation. The ovulation period is different for every woman and is monitored when getting into IUI treatment.

What are the success rates of IUI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the success rates of IUI?

Success rates of IUI depends on several factors such as cause of infertility, age of the female partner, use of hormone therapy and sperm quality. Many women may require several cycles of IUI to become successfully pregnant.

What are the risks of IUI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the risks of IUI?

IUI is a minimally invasive and safe procedure. Some women may experience mild cramps like menstrual cramps after insemination. In case of a stimulated IUI cycle, there is a risk of ovarian hyperstimulation (a rare but dangerous complication from hormone therapy) and multiple pregnancies.

What is the full form of IUI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 06, 2022
What is the full form of IUI?

IUI is the acronym for “Intrauterine Insemination” – a procedure to directly insert washed and concentrated sperm into the uterus to aid fertilisation.

What is the success rate of ICSI the first time?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What is the success rate of ICSI the first time?

ICSI is very successful in helping sperm fertilise the egg. However, like IVF several factors affect the success rate such as maternal age and cause of infertility.

What are the risks of ICSI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What are the risks of ICSI?

Apart from the risks that come with conventional IVF treatment, there is a risk that the eggs may be damaged when they are cleaned or injected with sperm during an ICSI-IVF cycle.

When should I consider ICSI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
When should I consider ICSI?

ICSI is recommended for couples with male infertility such as low count and poor-quality sperm or if the sperm was surgically retrieved. It is also recommended when conventional IVF therapy is ineffective or when genetic tests (PGS/PGD) are required.

What is the full form of ICSI?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 14, 2021
What is the full form of ICSI?

ICSI is the acronym for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. It is an advanced IVF treatment that involves injecting a single sperm directly into the egg using a fine glass needle.

What are the success rates of FET with Blastocysts?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
What are the success rates of FET with Blastocysts?

Excess good-quality blastocysts can be frozen and used in a FET cycle (Frozen embryo transfer). Research indicates that success rates of FET with blastocyst is almost equal to a fresh embryo transfer cycle.

Are success rates lower for elective single embryo transfers?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on July 03, 2021
Are success rates lower for elective single embryo transfers?

Single embryo transfers are done to avoid multiple pregnancies and the risks associated with it. In a single embryo transfer, the healthiest embryo is selected and is known to be just as effective as multiple embryo transfers.

Does Blastocyst suit everyone?

  • Published on March 11, 2021
  • Updated on June 24, 2021
Does Blastocyst suit everyone?

Blastocyst culture is not suitable for everyone. If low number of oocytes are retrieved for fertilisation resulting in fewer embryos, there is a risk of them not growing up to the blastocyst stage.

Written by:
Dr. Deepika Mishra

Dr. Deepika Mishra

With over 11 years of expertise under her belt, Dr. Deepika Mishra has been assisting couples with infertility issues. She has been contributing immensely to the field of the medical fraternity and is an expert in finding solutions for couples undergoing infertility issues, and high-risk pregnancies and is also a skilled gynecological oncologist.

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Our Services

Infertility Treatments

Problems with fertility are both emotionally and medically challenging. At Birla Fertility & IVF, we focus on providing you with supportive, personalized care at every step of your journey towards becoming a parent.

Male Infertility

Male factor infertility accounts for almost 40%-50% of all infertility cases. Decreased sperm function can be the result of genetic, lifestyle, medical or environmental factors. Fortunately, most causes of male factor infertility can be easily diagnosed and treated.

We offer a comprehensive range of sperm retrieval procedures and treatments for couples with male factor infertility or sexual dysfunction.

Donor Services

We offer a comprehensive and supportive donor program to our patients who require donor sperm or donor eggs in their fertility treatments. We are partnered with reliable, government authorised banks to source quality assured donor samples which are carefully matched to you based on blood type and physical characteristics.

Fertility Preservation

Whether you have made an active decision to delay parenthood or are about to undergo medical treatments that may affect your reproductive health, we can help you explore options to preserve your fertility for the future.

Gynaecological Procedures

Some conditions that impact fertility in women such as blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, fibroids, and T-shaped uterus may be treatable with surgery. We offer a range of advanced laparoscopic and hysteroscopic procedures to diagnose and treat these issues.

Diagnostics and Screening

Complete range of basic and advanced fertility investigations to diagnose causes of male and female infertility, making way for personalized treatment plans.

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